United Kingdom Current Affairs - 2019
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The International Monetary Fund has released the global wealth forecasts for 2019 in its World Economic Outlook report. The important findings of the IMF forecast are:
- IMF cut its estimate for global growth in 2019. World Economic Outlook (WEO) projecting global growth at 3.5% in 2019 and 3.6% in 2020 is 0.2 and 0.1 percentage point below last October’s projections.
- The global forecasts decline in the October report was attributed to the negative effects of tariff increases enacted in the United States and China.
- The further downward revision in the current report reflects carry over from softer momentum in the second half of 2018.
- The impact introduction of new automobile fuel emission standards in Germany is expected to adversely impact on the growth.
- In Italy, the concerns about sovereign and financial risks have weighed on domestic demand but also weakening financial market sentiment as well as a contraction in Turkey now projected to be deeper than anticipated.
- The report notes that the range of triggers beyond escalating trade tensions could spark a further deterioration in risk sentiment with adverse growth implications, especially given the high levels of public and private debt.
- These potential triggers include a no-deal withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union and a greater-than-envisaged slowdown in
- The forecasts for advanced economies has been revised downwards mainly due to downward revisions for the euro area and within the euro area, there was a downward revision for Germany and Italy due to the reasons mentioned above.
- The US expansion may witness a reverse trend with the unwinding of fiscal stimulus.
- The IMF forecast foresees a growth slowdown from 2.3% in 2018 to 2% in 2019 and 1.7% in 2020 for advanced economies.
- The forecast foresees a growth tick down to 4.5% in 2019, with a rebound to 4.9% in 2020 for emerging and developing economies.
- The projections for the emerging and developing economies have been lowered (0.2 percentage point) from October mainly because of a largely projected contraction in Turkey, downgrade to growth in Mexico in 2019-20.
- The rebound in 2020 is attributed to an expected recovery in Argentina and
- The headwinds due to weaker capital flows following higher US policy rates and exchange rate depreciations are reflected in the outlook for emerging markets and developing economies.
The cyclical forces which propelled broad-based global growth since the second half of 2017 are weakening faster than the IMF expected in October. Hence the downward revisions in the projections.
Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) Rajiv Mehrishi was elected as Vice-Chair of United Nations (UN) Panel of Auditors at its annual meeting held in New York. In this meeting CAG of UK was also appointed as Chair of Panel for another term (2019). The meeting discussed various issues concerning audit of United Nations and the agencies under the United Nations System. The next meeting will be held in in Bonn, Germany in November-December 2019.
United Nations Panel of Auditors
It was established by UN General Assembly Resolution 1438 (XIV) in 1959. Its main objectives are to further co-ordination of audits for which its members are responsible and to exchange information on audit methods and findings.
It is made up of members of United Nations Board of Auditors and external auditors of Specialized Agencies of UN and of International Atomic Energy Agency. Currently, it is chaired by CAG of UK and consists of 11 countries — India, Germany, Chile, Canada, France, Italy, Philippines, Ghana, Indonesia, Switzerland and United Kingdom.
It may submit to executive heads of organisations audited any observations or recommendations in relation to accounts and financial procedures of organisation concerned. The executive heads of articipating organisations may also, through their auditors submit requests to it for its opinion or recommendation on any matter within its competence.