United Nation Current Affairs - 2020

COVID-19 and Child Labour Report by the United Nations

The International Labour Organization and the UNICEF have released a report on Child Labour. The report has been released under the title

Title: COVID-19 and Child Labour: A Time of Crisis, A Time to Act

Key Findings

The report says that millions of children are to be pushed to child labour due to COVID-19 crisis. The report also says that the children already in laborious activities might end up working longer hours.

Poverty

According to the report, COVID-19 will increase poverty that will eventually drive the increase in child labour. The report predicts that 1% increase in poverty will lead to 0.7% increase in child labour.

This is because, as poverty increases in a country, schools close and the social services decrease. This forces more children turn into work forces. Currently, temporary school closure is affecting more than 1 billion students spread in 130 countries.

This will also push children into hazardous and exploitative jobs. The Gender Inequalities may grow with girls becoming vulnerable to exploitation especially in domestic works and agriculture.

Migrant Workers

Among all, the most vulnerable persons during COVID-19 are the migrant workers. They will face economic downturn

World Productivity Congress in India after 45 years of gap

The World Productivity Congress has been conducted by the World Confederation of Productivity Science since 1969. It was last held in India in 1974. The Congress is held under the theme

Theme: Industry 4.0-Innovation and Productivity

Highlights

The 19th World Productivity Congress to be held in Bengaluru aims at catalyzing government approaches in enhancing productivity. It is to be held between May 6, 2020 and May 8, 2020.

Purpose

The Congress will act as a platform to shape future productivity growth. It will also help India and other attending stakeholders to learn innovative approaches that are essential to support the growing population. It is expected that the world population will reach 9.7 billion by 2050 and 11.2 billion by 2100 according to the United Nations.

Significance

According to the World Economic Forum, India will become the third largest economy in the world after US and China by 2030. Also, in the next few years India is expected to grow at 7% though it is facing a slowdown currently. This huge market potential of India makes it an ideal choice for the 19th world productivity congress.