United Nations Current Affairs

October 17: The International Day for the Eradication of Poverty

The International Day for the Eradication of Poverty (IDEP) is observed every year on October 17 to raise people’s awareness of the need to eradicate poverty and destitution worldwide, particularly in developing countries.

The 2017 theme ‘Answering the Call of October 17 to end poverty: A path toward peaceful and inclusive societies’. It seeks to remind importance of the values of dignity, solidarity and voice underscored in the Call to Action to fight to end poverty everywhere.

This year’s celebration also marks 25th anniversary of declaration of IDEP by UN General Assembly (UNDP). It also marks 30th anniversary of “Call to Action” by Father Joseph Wresinski which had inspired observance of October 17 as World Day for Overcoming Extreme Poverty and recognition by UN day as the IDEP

Background

The International Day for the Eradication of Poverty (IDEP) was instituted by UNGA by adopting a resolution on 22 December 1992 to promote awareness among people to eradicate poverty and destitution around the world particularly in developing countries. It was observed for the first time in 1993.

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30 September: International Translation Day

The International Translation Day was observed by United Nations for first time on 30 September 2017. The observance of day seeks to recognize contribution of unsung heroes behind international diplomacy who work as language professionals to facilitate dialogue and contribute to development and strengthens world peace and security. It also recognises transposition of literary or scientific work from one language into another language as indispensable to preserve clarity, climate and productiveness in international public communication.

Background

The International Translation Day was instituted by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in May 2017 by adopting resolution 71/288 after considering importance of role played by language professionals in connecting nations and fostering peace, understanding and development. The date 30 September was chosen to celebrate feast of Bible translator St Jerome, who is considered as patron saint of translators.

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