United Nations Current Affairs - 2019
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International Albinism Awareness Day (IAAD) is observed every year throughout the world on 13 June, with the aim of raising public awareness on albinism and to prevent attacks and discrimination against persons with albinism. Theme for IAAD 2019 was- Still Standing Strong. It calls upon people around the globe to recognize, celebrate and stand in solidarity with all albinism patients.
It is a rare, non-contagious, genetically inherited disorder present at birth. It is a congenital disorder characterized by partial or complete absence of pigment melanin in skin, hair, and eyes. In almost all types of albinism, both parents (who are carrier) even if they do not have albinism themselves must carry gene for it to be passed on. The albinism condition is found in both sexes regardless of ethnicity and in all countries worldwide.
There is no cure for absence of melanin that is predominantly central to albinism.
The lack of melanin in skin makes albinos more prone to sunburn and also skin cancers. It is also associated with eye related problems such as photophobia, amblyopia (lazy eye), nystagmus, etc.
Due to lack of melanin in skin as well as eyes of persons with albinism, they often have permanent visual impairment which mostly leads to disabilities. They also face discrimination due to their skin colour and thus are often subjected to multiple and intersecting discrimination on grounds of both disability and colour.
A Canadian NGO named Under the Same Sun (UTSS), on an international level joined Yusuf Mohamed Ismail Bari-Bari, late Ambassador of Mission of Somalia to United Nations (UN), in his effort to pass a resolution for promoting and protecting rights of persons with albinism. Such a resolution came about when on June 13 2013 United Nation Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted 1st ever resolution on albinism.
Thereafter, on 26 June 2014 UNHRC in its resolution 26/10 recommended 13 June to be proclaimed as International Albinism Awareness Day by United Nations’ General Assembly (UNGA). Later, UNGA adopted resolution 69/170 on 18 December 2014 and proclaimed 13 June with effect from 2015 to be observed as International Albinism Awareness Day.
Why this date?
The 13 June date was chosen is reminiscent of UN’s first ever resolution which was passed on 13 June year before.
Tags: Albinism • Genetic Disorder • International Albinism Awareness Day • NGO • resolution 26/10 • resolution 69/170 • Under the Same Sun • UNGA • UNHRC • United Nation Human Rights Council • United Nations • United Nations General Assembly • Yusuf Mohamed Ismail Bari-Bari
The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (I&B) has instituted a new award called Antarashtriya Yoga Diwas Media Samman (AYDMS) from year 2019 to recognise contribution made by media in spreading awareness about Yoga and for promotion and commemoration of International Yoga Day, held every year on 21 June.
- About: Union Ministry of I&B instituted 1st Antarashtriya Yoga Diwas Media Samman (AYDMS) from 2019 onwards to acknowledge positive role and responsibility of media in disseminating outreach of Yoga in India and abroad.
- Eligible: AYDMS will be conferred to Media Houses engaged in Print Media and Electronic Media (including Television & Radio).
- Coverage Duration: Media campaigns on yoga from 10 June to 25 June coverage will be considered for International Yoga Day Awards.
- Jury: Six-member jury will assess contribution of Media in popularising of Yoga.
- Prize: AYDMS will comprise a special medal, plaque and trophy and a citation.
- Categories: A total of 33 awards will be given to media houses including 11 each for print media, TV and radio channels for excellent coverage given to Yoga. Sammans will conferred in all 22 Indian languages (mentioned in Schedule 8 of constitution) and English under categories such as-
- Best Media Coverage of Yoga in Newspapers.
- Best Media Coverage of Yoga in Television.
- Best Media Coverage of Yoga in Radio.
- Award Ceremony: Tentatively the award ceremony for AYDMS will be held in July, 2019 at which all honours will be announced.
- Importance: Practice and propagation of Yoga has led to ‘Healthy life, Healthy living, Wellness and Prevention of Disease’ globally. Yoga not only acts as India’s soft power throughout the world but is also India’s gifts to world. With Yoga being universally acknowledged by United Nations (UN) and being practiced globally in over 200 countries on 21st June every year, it has now become mantra of New India.
Tags: 21 June • Antarashtriya Yoga Diwas Media Samman • Electronic Media • I&B Ministry institutes Antarashtriya Yoga Diwas Media Samman • International Yoga Day • Print Media • UN • United Nations • Yoga