United Nations Day Current Affairs

24 October: United Nations Day

The United Nations Day is observed every year on 24th October to mark anniversary of entry into force of UN Charter in 1945. ‎With ratification of this founding document by majority of its members, including five permanent members of UN Security Council, United Nations officially came into existence.

Since then, 24th October is celebrated as UN Day. On this day all member states of UN contribute finances to its operation to help further its goals.

United Nations

‎UN is successor of ineffective League of Nations and was established in 1945 after World War II in order to prevent another such conflict. Now, it has become world’s only truly universal global organization and is foremost forum to address issues that transcend national boundaries and cannot be resolved by any one country acting alone.

Its prime role is to maintain world peace, human rights, promote social and economic development and provide aid around the world in cases of famine, natural disaster and armed conflict.

The main organs of UN are:  General Assembly (UNGA), Security Council (UNSC), Economic and Social Council (UNESOC),‎ International Court of Justice (ICJ), UN Secretariat, Trusteeship Council.

League of Nations (LoN)

LoN was founded in January, 1920 as a result of Paris Peace Conference that ended World War I. LoN was first international organisation whose principal mission was to maintain world peace. ‎But onset of World War II, demonstrated that LoN failed in its primary purpose of preventing another world war.

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October 24: United Nations Day

The United Nations Day is being observed globally on October 24. The day marks the anniversary of the entry into force of the UN Charter (the founding document of UNO) in 1945.

It entered into force on 24 October 1945 after it was ratified by the original five permanent members of the Security Council—China, France, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (now Russia), United Kingdom, and United States and majority of the other signatories.

What is significance of UN Charter?

With the ratification of UN Charter, the United Nations officially came into existence. It is a constituent treaty and all signatory members are bound by its articles. Furthermore, Article 103 of the UN Charter states that obligations to the United Nations prevail over all other treaty obligations. Most countries in the world have now ratified the Charter.

2016 Celebrations

This year’s UN Day will be used to highlight concrete actions people can take to help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. Besides, UN Day Concert is also organised in the United Nations General Assembly Hall with the theme “Freedom First”.

Background

The United Nations General Assembly had declared 24 October as the United Nations Day by adopting Resolution 2782 in 1971. The day is devoted making people aware of the aims and achievements of the United Nations Organization. This day is part of United Nations Week, which runs from 20 to 26 October.

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