United Nations Development Programme Current Affairs - 2020

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What is SDG Dashboard launched by Statistics Ministry?

Union Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) launched India’s first Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) dashboard in a bid to effectively track country’s progress on Agenda 2030 adopted by UN. It was launched on occasion of National Statistics Day (on June 29) which marks birth anniversary of Prof. P C Mahalanobis.

About SDG Dashboard

It is a unique, searchable platform, which provides data and insights on how India is progressing on SDGs.

Function:

It is a first of its kind national platform that pulls together reliable data from more than 100 different data sets, portals and sectors on to only one easy to use and intuitive platform, to power better informed decision making on SDGs.

It will be India’s official data repository of National Indicator Framework (NIF) on SDGs, which is India’s largest monitoring framework with 306 statistical indicators.

Partnership: SDG Dashboard is developed in partnership with United Nation in India, Department for International Development (DFID) India and data intelligence firm Social Cops.

Need: India is one of the world’s fastest growing economies and is also one of the nations with fastest growing populations. Therefore, being home to about 17% of world population India’s progress in SDGs is crucial.

Significance:

Dashboard can help fast-track India’s progress in SDGs by helping state governments contextualize, visualize, track and measure their progress towards goals more effectively.

It also allows state governments to track their performance on each goal and compare it to other states and identify priority areas, which need urgent action.

What are SDGs?

They are universal call by United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) for action towards ending poverty, improving health and education, protecting planet, and ensuring that all people enjoy peace and prosperity by 2030.

India has been closely monitoring its progress on SDGs through its National Indicator Framework and India SDG Index released in 2018.

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India extends financial aid to Nepal for rebuilding earthquake-hit houses

India extended a financial aid of 1.6billion Nepalese Rupees (NPR) to Nepal government for rebuilding earthquake-hit houses in two district that were most hit.

This sustained and generous humanitarian support extended by India for post-earthquake reconstruction was appreciated by Nepal.

Key Highlights

  • Background: In February 2016, a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between India and Nepal for grant worth USD 100 Million to be provided by India, for supporting reconstruction of 50,000 private houses in two districts of Himalayan nation namely Nuwakot and Gorkha that were most damaged in earthquake that hit Nepal in 2015.
  • The devastating earthquake which struck Nepal in April 2015, claimed more than 9,000 lives and damaged over 800,000 houses. The epicenter of earthquake was central Nepal’s Gorkha district.
  • Financial Aid: Manjeev Singh Puri, India’s ambassador to Nepal handed over financial aid cheque to Rajan Khanal, Finance Secretary of Nepal for undertaking reconstruction work in Himalayan nation. The amount was released towards reimbursement of part payment of first and second tranches of housing reconstruction extended by Government of India to 50,000 housing beneficiaries in two districts.
  • Importance: The move showed that India remained committed to partnership between two nations and also to completion of post-earthquake reconstruction projects in Nepal.

Other grants by India:

  • So far a total of Rs 4.5 billion Nepalese rupees have been granted Nepal to India under housing reconstruction projects.
  • India has partnered with United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) for providing socio-technical facilitation to people who lost their houses to ensure that they rebuild their homes in accordance with Nepal government’s earthquake resilient norms.

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