United Nations Environment Program Current Affairs - 2019
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After 12 days of negotiations under the patronage of United Nations (UN) around 180 governments agreed on a new UN accord to regulate the movement and export of plastic waste between their national borders.
- Participants: About 1,400 representatives from almost every country in world met for 12 days of discussions at a United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) meeting in Geneva, Switzerland.
- Agreement: Except the United States, about 180 governments, agreed to the deal which essentially updates (or amended) the 1989 Basel Convention on the Control Of Hazardous Wastes, to include plastic waste in a legally-binding framework, in a move to quickly reduce amount of plastic being washed into world’s oceans.
- Legally Binding: The framework for reducing plastic waste signed is legally binding which means that countries will have to monitor and track thousands of types of plastic waste outside their borders.
- Cause of Concern: Some 8 million tonnes (MT) of plastic waste ends up in oceans each year. For far too long the practice of plastic waste dumping or exporting their mixed toxic plastic wastes to developing Asian countries is being followed by developed countries like the US and Canada with claims that it would be recycled in receiving country. But since, much of this contaminated mixed waste cannot be recycled it is instead dumped or burned, or lastly finds its way into the ocean.
- Analysis: As per IPEN umbrella group (The International POPs Elimination Network, a global network of NGOs which seeks to eliminate hazardous and toxic chemicals and persistent organic pollutants) this new amendment to Basel Convention would empower developing countries to refuse plastic waste dumping.
- Other Key Decisions taken: The recent Geneva meeting also undertook to eliminate two toxic chemical groups namely Dicofol (organochlorine pesticide) and Perfluorooctanoic Acid (or PFOA, also known as C8, is a man-made chemical), and other related compounds. PFOA has wide variety of industrial and domestic applications like non-stick cookware and food processing equipment, and also as paints, carpets and paper.
- Importance: The deal stroked sends a very strong political signal to rest of the world (including private sector, consumer market) that we need to take action.
About Basel convention
- In 1989, the Conference of Plenipotentiaries (CoP) in Basel, Switzerland adopted The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal.
- It was adopted in response to large public outcry after it was discovered that large deposits of toxic wastes were being imported from abroad into developing world.
- The Basel Convention came into force in 1992.
Tags: Basel • Basel Convention on the Control Of Hazardous Wastes • Dicofol • Geneva • IPEN Umbrella Group • Perfluorooctanoic Acid • Switzerland • UNEP • United Nations • United Nations Environment Program
With an aim to make 500-meter area around Taj Mahal litter free and phase out single use plastic, Union Minister Mahesh Sharma administered a pledge to Agra Residents.
The pledge called “Taj Declaration to Beat Plastic Pollution” was made in the presence of United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) Executive Director Erik Solheim and UNEP Goodwill Ambassador Diya Mirza. The declaration came ahead to the World Environment day, June 5.
Well before the declaration was undertaken, workshops were conducted to deal with problem. The major focus of the workshop is to curb littering around the 17th century monument. Short term and Long term plans are worked up on.
Minister Mahesh Sharma highlighted that India and the whole world is facing a huge problem of pollution caused by the use of plastic. He said that the message of ‘Beat Plastic Pollution’ is meant not just for Agra residents but to the whole country.
The UNEP representatives and Goodwill Ambassador expressed their happiness that all the agencies came together for a noble cause of beating plastic pollution. The Environment day to be celebrated on June 5 has a slogan of ‘Beat Plastic Pollution’.