United Nations Security Council Current Affairs - 2019

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UNSC Votes to end Peacekeeping Operations in Haiti

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) voted unanimously voted for the resolution to completely end its peacekeeping operations in Haiti on October 15.

The resolution also called for establishing a political mission to support government efforts to promote order and development in Haiti situated in Latin America.

UN Peace Keeping Mission in Haiti

U.N. Peace Keeping Mission in Haiti was known as MINUSTAH, a French acronym which stood for “The United Nations is not leaving.”

MINUSTAH began operations in Haiti in 2004, when a violent rebellion swept the country and forced then-President Jean-Bertrand Aristide out of power and into exile. The goals of MINUSTAH included restoring security and rebuilding the shattered political institutions.

The mission with additional help from the U.S. and other nations is credited with stabilizing the country, particularly after the January 2010 earthquake, and building up the national police force.

But the Peace Keeping Mission was viewed as an affront to national sovereignty. The Mission was also blamed for sexual exploitation. a UN report has even documented the sexual exploitation of nine children on the island from 2004-2007 at the hands of at least 134 peacekeepers. The Mission was also seen as responsible for inadvertently introducing the deadly cholera bacteria to the country

UNSC Resolution

UN military peacekeepers had already left Haiti on October 2017. But a stabilization group had stayed back to train national police, help the government strengthen judicial and legal institutions and monitor human rights.

The UNSC resolution gives a final six-month period for such operations and asks Secretary-General Antonio Guterres to plan a political mission.

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UNSC Resolution on Terror Financing

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has unanimously adopted a French-drafted resolution which ordered countries worldwide to step up the fight against terrorism financing by ensuring they have laws that make it a serious crime to fund terrorist acts.

UNSC Resolution

  • This resolution is the first stand-alone measure dedicated specifically to counter the financing of terrorism.
  • The resolution asks the states to ensure that their domestic laws and regulations establish serious criminal offences to prosecute those who collect funds or provide economic resources to terrorist organizations.
  • The resolution urges countries to establish financial intelligence units to strengthen efforts to counter terrorism financing and to share information on their investigations.
  • The resolution will help the FATF to mount pressure on more than 50 countries to pass new legislation on countering terror financing.

The UNSC has adopted resolution for sanctions to choking off the revenue to the Islamic State jihadist group and Al-Qaeda-linked fighter. The resolution encompasses in one text various initiatives contained in a range of resolutions.

How the resolution will aid in curbing terror activities?

Since the binding resolution was drafted under chapter 7 of the UN Charter it can be enforced with sanctions. This will force the nations to act.

The recent attacks like the Pulwama Terror Attack has shown that terror groups have access to financial flows through legal and illegal means. The resolution takes a step in curbing the inflows to the terrorist groups.

FATF notes that less than a fifth of countries were applying laws that prosecute suspected terror financiers as criminals. The resolution aims to change that.

The resolution would also contribute to halting ransom payments for kidnappings by terror groups, which have become a major source of funding.

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