United Nations Security Council Current Affairs - 2020

GoI extends Line of Credit worth 18 million USD to Maldives

The Government of India has extended Line of Credit of worth 18 million USD to Maldives to expand fishing facilities at Maldives Industrial Fisheries Company (MIFCO).


The funds granted to Maldives are to be used for the following

  • To develop 50-tonne ice plant in Gemanafushi. Also, a 100-tonne ice storage facility is to be developed
  • The funds will be used to set up tuna cooked plant and fishmeal plant
  • Investments towards fish collection

The above projects will help Maldives to increase fish collection and storage capacity. It will help the country acquire new markets in the fisheries sector.


Maldives is important to India for its strategic location. In Indian Ocean, Maldives archipelago comprises of 1,200 coral islands. They lie next to the shipping lanes that ensure uninterrupted energy supplies to India, China and Japan.

Maldives is important to India for the following reasons

  • International Geopolitics: The significance of Maldives has grown since China began to send its ships to Indian Ocean 10 years ago. China sends its ships right up to Gulf of Aden in the name of antipiracy operations.
  • Regional Security: India needs to cooperate with Maldives as the former is a pre-eminent South Asian power and a net security provider in the Indian Ocean Region.
  • Maldives supports India at the United Nations Security Council.
  • There are more than 25,000 Indian nationals living in Maldives. Indian tourists account to 6% of Maldives tourism.

Bilateral Assistance

India has offered assistance to Maldives whenever required. India was the first to provide with relief when Maldives was badly hit by Tsunami. Also, GoI has launched several operations as in need to help save Maldives.

Operation Cactus

India launched Operation Cactus in 1984 and saved Maldives from a coup.

Operation Neer

This operation was launched by the Indian Government to help save Maldives from major fire that broke out in a Male Water and Sewerage company.

Facts Box: India extends 1 million USD to North Korea

The Government of India recently extended 1 million USD of medical assistance to North Korea on the request of World Health Organization. The medical assistance is provided as part of WHO anti-Tuberculosis programme.


It is to be noted that North Korea is under sanctions from United Nations Security Council. However, India’s medical assistance is under the aegis of WHO anti-Tuberculosis programme and therefore exempted from sanctions.

Sanctions against North Korea

Several Countries have imposed sanctions against North Korea. This includes Australia, China, Japan, Russia, South Korea, Taiwan, and the United States. The first sanction against North Korea was passed by the United Nations in 2006. The United Nations Security Council Sanctions Committee on North Korea was established.

Tuberculosis in India

India is committed to the target of eliminating Tuberculosis from the country by 2025. This is ahead of the deadline set by the World Health Organization. The WHO aims to eradicate WHO from the world completely by 2030.

India has launched the National Tuberculosis Programme to work on the target. According to the annual Tuberculosis Report, 2020 released by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Tripura and Nagaland are the best performing states under the programme. Daman and Diu and dadra and Nagar Haveli are the least performers.

Initiatives in India for TB

  • Nikshay Ecosystem: It is the National TB information system
  • Nikshay Poshan Yojana: It is aimed to provide financial support to TB patients
  • Saksham Project: It is a project of Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) providing psycho-social counselling to TB patients in the country
  • TB Harega Desh Jeetega: It is a campaign that was launched in 2019