United Nations Current Affairs - 2020

USFDA approves emergency use of an investigational vaccine, Remdesivir

The United States Food and Drug Regulatory body recently allowed emergency use of anti-viral investigational vaccine Remdesivir to treat COVID-19 patients.

Highlights

The USFDA has approved the vaccine after an Indian-American physician, Aruna Subramaninan’s report on Remdesivir. According to the report, the vaccine shortened the recovery times of people that have fallen ill due to COVID-19 virus. The FDA has provided emergency use authorization of the drug.

Remdesivir

Remdesivir was developed to treat Ebola virus and Marburg virus. However, it was found to be ineffective in treating these diseases.

International Nonproprietary Name

Remdesivir is an International Nonproprietary Name (INN). The INN is provided to a pharmaceutical drug or active ingredient. The INN is issued in Latin, English, Russian, French, Spanish, Chinese and Arabic.

Emergency Use Authorization

The Emergency Use Authorization in the United States to approve drugs during emergency. Earlier, the US FDA had approved use of diagnostic and therapeutic tools to identify and respond 2009 swine flu outbreak.

In 2013, the FDA issued Emergency Authorization Use of CDC Human Influenza virus.

Remdesivir trial by WHO

WHO had launched 4 mega trials to treat COVID-19. It includes Remdesivir, HCQ (Hydroxychloroquine), combination of Lopinavir and Ritonavir and Interferon-beta along with the combination of Lopinavir and Ritonavir.

India’s New representative of UN; India to become member of UNSC

The 1985 Indian Foreign Officer T S Trimurti is to succeed Syed Akbaruddin as the permanent representative of the United Nations. Mr Trimurti was serving as the Secretary to Economic relations. The appointment announcement was made by the External Affairs ministry.

Recently, announcement was made that India is to become a member of UNSC.

Permanent Representative to the UN

The permanent representative is the head of the diplomatic mission to an international organization. The organizations that have permanent representative include United Nations, NATO, World Trade Organization, African Union, European Union, Organization of Islamic Cooperation and Organization of American States.

India’s membership at UNSC

India has been striving hard to get a permanent membership at the United Nations Security Council. Currently, there are five permanent members namely US, France, UK, Russia and china.

Non-Permanent Member

India is to become a non-permanent member at the UNSC in 2021. Along with 5 permanent members, there are 10 non-permanent members at the UNSC. A non-permanent member holds term for two years. In order to become a non-permanent member, a country should gain confidence of at least two-thirds of the members.

Akbaruddin

Akbaruddin was a 1985 IFS officer. He had served twice in Saudi Arabia. He also served as a representative of India at the International atomic energy Agency. His works at the United Nations against terrorism, climate change and peace keeping were commendable.