United Nations Current Affairs - 2020

India’s New representative of UN; India to become member of UNSC

The 1985 Indian Foreign Officer T S Trimurti is to succeed Syed Akbaruddin as the permanent representative of the United Nations. Mr Trimurti was serving as the Secretary to Economic relations. The appointment announcement was made by the External Affairs ministry.

Recently, announcement was made that India is to become a member of UNSC.

Permanent Representative to the UN

The permanent representative is the head of the diplomatic mission to an international organization. The organizations that have permanent representative include United Nations, NATO, World Trade Organization, African Union, European Union, Organization of Islamic Cooperation and Organization of American States.

India’s membership at UNSC

India has been striving hard to get a permanent membership at the United Nations Security Council. Currently, there are five permanent members namely US, France, UK, Russia and china.

Non-Permanent Member

India is to become a non-permanent member at the UNSC in 2021. Along with 5 permanent members, there are 10 non-permanent members at the UNSC. A non-permanent member holds term for two years. In order to become a non-permanent member, a country should gain confidence of at least two-thirds of the members.

Akbaruddin

Akbaruddin was a 1985 IFS officer. He had served twice in Saudi Arabia. He also served as a representative of India at the International atomic energy Agency. His works at the United Nations against terrorism, climate change and peace keeping were commendable.

ATULYA: Microwave sterilizer to disintegrate COVID-19 developed

The Defence Institute of Advanced Technology, deemed university operating under Defence Research and Development Organization has designed microwave sterilizer called “ATULYA”.

Highlights

The Sterilizer is used to disintegrate COVID-19 virus. The sterilizer uses differential heating to disintegrate the virus in the range of 56 degree Celsius to 60 degree Celsius. The weight of the designed sterilizer is 3 kgs. The time of sterilization depends on the size of the object. The device is cost effective and can be run in fixed and portable installations as well.

What is Sterilization?

Sterilization is the process by which different forms of life, especially micro organisms such as fungi, virus, bacteria, spores and other Eukaryotic organisms such as Plasmodium are eliminated, killed, removed or deactivated.

Sterilization is different from sanitization, pasteurization, disinfection. The main methods used in sterilization includes dry heat, pressure, gas vapor, ultra violet radiation, chlorine dioxide gas, etc.

There are other methods of sterilization as well. This includes dry heat, flaming, incineration, tyndallization, glass bead sterilizers, chemical sterilization. The chemical sterilization is done using ethylene oxide or nitrogen dioxide or ozone, formaldehyde, hydrogen peroxide. Sterilization is also done using radiation. The safety of the irradiation is regulated by the United Nations International Atomic Energy Agency.

Differential Heating

Differential Heating is the process that creates two different temperatures to disintegrate the virus.