United Nations Current Affairs - 2020

June 1: World Milk Day

Every year World Milk Day is celebrated on June 1 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. The day is celebrated to bring awareness and attention to the activities associated with the diary sector.

Highlights

June 1 was chosen to be celebrated as World Milk Day by the FAO in 2001. The day was chosen as several other countries were celebrating milk day on that particular day. This year, the World Milk Day is celebrated under the theme

Theme: The 20th Anniversary of World Milk Day

Controversy: World Plant Milk Day

In response to the celebrations of World Milk Day, observance of World Plant Milk Day was begun. The day is marked on August 22. It is being marked since 2017 objecting environmental impact, animal abuse and health effects associated with diary industry.

India

India is the largest producer of milk. According to 2011 survey, around 70% of milk samples were conformed to standards set by the FSSAI (Food Safety and Standards Authority of India).

National Milk Day

India celebrates National Milk Day on November 26. The day is observed on November 26 as it is the birth anniversary of Verghese Kurien. He is known as Father of Milk Revolution in India. It was his idea to launch Operation Flood in India.

Operation Flood

Operation Flood was launched in 1970. The operation aimed at doubling milk availability per person in the country. The operation also helped to generation employment in the rural sector. Through the success of the operation, India became the largest milk producer.

Why are the recent Locusts Attacks the worst in history?

The Locusts swarming in the Northern parts of India have so far reached Rajasthan, Punjab, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh.

Highlights

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization, much of the movement of these locusts is mainly due to Westerlies. The Locust Warning Organization that monitors locusts swarms announced that there are no immediate danger to Delhi due to these swarms.

History

There were eight locust attacks between 1812 and 1889 in India. Also, between 1926 and 1931 India faced Rs 2 crores (100 million USD today) of crop damages.

Desert Locust

Desert Locusts are from the family of grasshoppers. They normally live and breed in desert regions. However, they feed on green vegetation. A single swarm of locusts consist of 40 to 80 million adults. They are capable of travelling upto 150 km in a day.

How badly is India affected?

The Locusts are said to have come from Ethiopia and Somalia after crossing Saudi Arabia, Iran and Pakistan. As India has just finished harvesting its Rabi crops, the damages were not major.

However, the Food and Agriculture Organization predicts that there are several severe successive waves of locust invasion that will come up in July and are expected to hit Rajasthan, Odisha and Bihar. This is mainly due to wind movements. Later the locusts are expected to return to Rajasthan along with South West Monsoon winds.

As the locusts are invading in wind direction this year, they are considered to be the worst. Also, the wind direction is changing that makes it difficult to predict the path of the locusts.

Control of Locusts

The Locusts are controlled with spray of pesticides such as organo-phosphate. This year chemicals such as deltamethrin, lambdacyhalothrin, chlorpyriphos, fipronil, malathion have been recommended.