United Nations Current Affairs - 2020

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January 4: World Braille Day

Every Year January 4 is celebrated as World Braille Day in order to mark the birth anniversary of Louis Braille. Louis is the inventor of Braille, a written language for blind people.

Highlights

The World Braille Day is celebrated by the United Nations and also by other world organizations. In November 2018, the UN passed a resolution in order to celebrate the day. The day was first celebrated on January 4, 2019.

The World Braille Day spreads awareness about Braille script and other accessible forms of communication. Many establishments like banks, hospitals and restaurants fail to print their materials in Braille script. This creates difficulties for visually impaired people. The day marks such difficulties and spreads awareness of their importance.

Louis Braille

Louis Braille was born in Coupvray, France. He lost both his eyes at the age of 3. This was the prime reason behind Braille inventing the 6-dot language called Braille.

Challenges in the use of Braille

Many schools do not offer literacy in Braille. There are many countries in the world that have not included Braille in their educational curriculum. According to the WHO, there are around 2.2 billion people in the world with vision impairment.

Global steps

The 2006 Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities considers Braille essential for education. Also, the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals that were adopted in 2015 pledges that no one will be left behind.

UN increases budget; includes funds for war crime probes

The United Nations has adopted 3.07 billion USD budget on December 27, 2019. The organization for the first time included investigation of war crimes in Myanmar and Syria in its fund allocation

Highlights

The budget proposal for the year 2020 is slightly greater than that of 2019. In 2019, UN budget was 2.9 billion USD. The increase in the budget is mainly due to inflation, additional missions and exchange rate adjustments.

This year the investigation of crimes in Syria, Myanmar has been made as compulsory contributions to the member countries for the first time.

It is to be noted that United Nations faced severe Financial crisis in October 2019. However, it recovered itself after the major contributors like US, China paid their dues.

Expenditure of the UN

The United Nations has categorized its spending in to 5 general groups namely. The top most preference is given to humanitarian assistance (34%). The other categories include development assistance (24%), peacekeeping operations (19%), knowledge-creation operations (16%) and technical cooperation (7%).