United Nations Current Affairs - 2020

United Nations Report: Significant Increase in ISIS Terrorists in Kerala and Karnataka

The United Nations report recently warned that there is significant increase in ISIS terrorists in Kerala and Karnataka. The report was titled “Report of the Analytical Support and Sanctions Monitoring Team concerning ISIS

Highlights

The report says that Al-Qaida, that has 150-200 militants from India, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Myanmar is planning to attack Indian Subcontinent. The Al-Qaida in the Indian Subcontinent (AQIS) operates under Taliban. It is mainly rooted in the Nimruz, Kandahar and Helmand provinces of Afghanistan.

About IS

The Islamic State is also known as ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria) or Daesh. It is Sunni Jihadist group that seized large swathes of territory in eastern Syria since 2014. In 2019, the group claimed to have established a new province in India called the IS Indian affiliate (Hind Wilayah).

The countries where the local groups have pledged allegiance with IS include Niger, Algeria, Cameroon, Chad, Nigeria, Yemen, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Indonesia and Bangladesh. The countries where IS holds territory include Libya, Iraq and Syria.

Counter Measures by India

India has taken several measures to counter terrorism in the Indian Sub-continent, especially after the abrogation of Article 370. Operation Pigeon was launched in Kerala. The operation saved 350 youths from ISIS. The National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID) has been proposed and also National Investigation Agency is deployed extensively to counter terrorism.

United Nations World Wildlife Crime Report: India one of the biggest supplier of Tiger body parts

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime recently released the World Wildlife Crime Report. The report highlighted trafficking in protected species.

According to the report Thailand and India are the main source countries for shipments seized in international trade of tiger parts.

Highlights

The report says that India and Thailand source 82% of illegal shipment of tiger body parts. While identifying the nationality of the trafficker, 8% belonged to India, 145 to Vietnamese and 8% were from Indonesia. The highest number of traffickers were from China. China accounted to 29% of the traffickers.

Why Tiger Body Parts?

The tiger body parts have great medicinal values. The medicines made of bones of the tiger are used to heal ligament injuries, joint and bone fractures. The tiger parts are also being traded for exotic products

Background

China has the highest number of tigers (when both captive & wild are taken together) in the world followed by USA, India, and Thailand. India has highest number of tigers in wild.
The United Nations World Wildlife Crime Report was earlier published in 2016. The world illegal wildlife trade predominantly revolves around rosewood, ivory and pangolins. Apart from these, elephant tusks and rhinos are also traded significantly.

Findings of the report

The report says that around 6,000 species have been seized between 1999 and 2018. The rhinos are poached for their horns. Pangolins are seized for their scales. Scales of Pangolins have medicinal values.