United Nations Current Affairs - 2020

December 18: International Migrants Day

The International Migrants Day is observed by the United Nations since 1990 in order to protect the rights of the migrants. The day was adopted after the organization passed a resolution at the International Convention on the Protection of the rights of all migrant workers. According to the UN, one-seventh of the world population which is 1 billion are migrants.

The day gained wider importance after international organizations like International Organization for Migration joined to mark the day in 1997. This year’s International Migrants Day theme is

Theme: Social Cohesion, Celebrating the integration of migrants into communities around the world

International Conference of Migration

The International Conference of Migration was held in Bangkok by the International Labour Organization. Along with ILO the conference was also hosted by Chula Global Network, Institute of Asian Studies, etc. The conference was the continuation of the last year conference with the same theme

Theme: Migration and SDGs: ASEAN and Beyond-A path way to 2030 agenda

It aims to integrate institutes and organizations working on migration issues. It also aims at setting up a clear message that migration is a major issue among ASEAN countries and also globally and cannot be ignored

UN Global Compact on Migration

The United Nations Global compact on Migration is an inter-governmental pact and not a treaty. It is non-abiding under international law. It aims for safe, orderly and regular migration. It was signed in 19 December 2018. The compact makes it important for the states to frame their national migration policy. It also gives clauses that the countries should abide in order to protect the rights of the migrants.

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73 Countries join Climate Ambition Alliance at COP25

Around 73 countries have joined the Climate Ambition Alliance (CAA) at the COP25. The alliance is led by Chile and was launched at the Climate Action Summit, New York in 2019.

Both Chile and UK will work together to mobilize additional actors to join the alliance. They will also work towards COP26 that is to be held in November 2020 at Glasgow, UK.

Climate Ambition Alliance

The CAA will focus on Nationally Determined Contributions in order to achieve Net Zero by 2050. It will focus in resilience in infrastructure, management of water and sustainability of cities. The main purpose of the alliance is to upscale 2020 targets of members of UN and to achieve Net Zero Carbon Emissions by 2050.

Significance of the alliance

The alliance is important to enhance the Nationally Determined Contributions of countries all over the world. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in its Emissions Gap Report, 2019 warned that in order to achieve the goal of 1.5°C increase in temperatures over pre-industrial levels, it is essential to reduce the emissions by 7.6% between 2020 and 2030.

Emissions Gap Report, 2019

The Emissions Gap Report that was released by the UNEP in December 2019, measures the gap between measures being done and measures to be done to tackle climate change.

Key Findings of the report

The report says that the global temperature will increase by 3.2 degrees by 2100 as compared to pre-industrial levels. The top four emitters of the world namely China, USA, European Union and India contributed to 55% of total emissions in the last decade.

Suggestions of the report

The report suggests that a minimum of 1.58 billion USD of annual investment in renewable sector is required for efficient energy use. It also says that solutions like coal phaseout, decarbonization of transport and industries and increased access to electricity will help tackle climate change.

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