United Nations Current Affairs - 2020

Global Forest Resources Assessment of FAO: India ranks third in raise in forest cover

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations recently released Global Forest Resources Assessment (FRA) report. According to the report, India ranked third among top 10 countries where forest cover has increased in the last decade.

Highlights

The Food and Agriculture Organization bring out the report once in every five years. The report assesses state of forests in the member countries, their conditions and management.

According to the report, the following 10 countries have gained forest area between 2010 and 2020

  • China
  • Australia
  • India
  • Chile
  • Vietnam
  • Turkey
  • United States
  • France
  • Italy
  • Romania

The FRA says that India accounts to 2% of total global forest area. During the decade, India accounted to 0.38% of annual gain in forest cover. This is around 266,000 hectares of forest cover every year. The forest area managed by local, indigenous communities and tribal in India increased from zero in 1990 to about 25 million hectares in 2015. The naturally regenerating forest rate in India was disappointing.

Global

Globally, there are 12.5 million people employed in forestry sector. Out of this, India accounts to 6.23 million. This is almost 50% of the world forestry employment. India accounted to maximum employment in the forest sector.

The Asian continent, according to the report, had the highest gain in forest area between 2010 and 2020.

United Nations General Assembly to go virtual for the first time

The 75th United Nations General Assembly is to be conducted virtually in 2020 for the first time in its history. The 2020 session is to begin on September 15.

What is the plan?

This year, pre recorded statements of world leaders are to be aired. With the meet being arranged virtually, the world is expecting leaders such as Kim Jong Un of North Korea to participate in the meet. Kim has been avoiding the meet traditionally to avoid travelling to the US.

Major events

The main highlights of the 2020 UNGA are as follows

  • Biodiversity Summit
  • A high-level meeting to celebrate 25th anniversary of fourth world conference on women
  • Climate Week

Background

Every year, world leaders meet at UN headquarters in New York to debate important issues of the planet. The UNGA is the main policy making body of the United Nations. It was created under Chapter IV of the UN charter. The charter was signed in San Francisco in 1945.