United Nations Current Affairs - 2020

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UN to draft new international treaty on cyber crime

The United Nations on December 27, 2019, approved a new resolution in order to draft an international treaty to combat cyber crime.

Highlights

Under the new draft, an expert committee will be established. It includes all regions of the world and will meet in August 2020. The Russian drafted resolution was approved by 193 member countries.

The United States suggests that the world should expand the accord on existing 2001 Budapest Convention.

Budapest Convention

The Budapest Convention was the first ever treaty on cyber crime that addressed internet and computer crimes. It was drawn by Council of Europe. At present, it is the only treaty of cyber crime under the United Nations. Countries like India and Brazil have not adopted the convention on the grounds that they did not participate in its drafting.

Council of Europe

It is an international organization that aims to uphold human rights in Europe. IT was founded in 1949. There are around 47 member states associated with the organization. It is totally independent of European Union though it has adopted its flag and partly adopted its flag.

Massive Locust Invasion in Gujarat

The farmlands in Gujarat border are in great threat from locust invasion. The insects were flying from Pakistan Sindh province and spread in the villages of Gujarat and Rajasthan. The locusts emerged from Sudan and Eritrea in the coast of Red Sea.

The invasion of the locust was alerted from UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The trajectory of the swarms was tracked and the invasion was also predicted by Locust Warning Organization (LWO) in Jodhpur. However, precautionary measures were not taken.

FAO

The FAO operates the DLIS (Desert Locust Information Service) headquartered in Rome, Italy. It monitors desert locusts all over the world. It maintains historical locust archives dating back to 1930s. Also, it provides training and prepares publications on various aspects all over the world. The service provides information about the locust situation and gives timely warnings to countries that are at risks of invasion.

According to FAO, an average swarm destroys crops that can feed 2,500 people per year.

India’s measures

Indian Government in 1939 established Locust Warning Organization (LWO). It operates under ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research). The headquarters of the organization is located in Jodhpur. The LWO monitors 2 lakh square kilometres of desert area in parts of Gujarat, Rajasthan and Haryana.