United Nations Current Affairs - 2019
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Indian peacekeeper, Late Jitender Kumar, an Indian Police Officer, is among the 119 military, police and civilian personnel who will be honoured with this year’s prestigious UN medal called Dag Hammarskjöld Medal for courage and sacrifice in line of duty.
About Dag Hammarskjöld Medal
- About: It is a posthumous award which is given to members of United Nations (UN) peacekeeping operations who have lost their life while serving in peacekeeping operations.
- Background: It was established in 22 July 1997 by UN Security Council (UNSC) resolution 1121, adopted on occasion of 50th anniversary of peacekeeping.
- The medal is named after Dag Hammarskjöld, who was the second Secretary-General of the United Nations. He died in a plane crash in 1961 while en route to cease-fire negotiations during Congo Crisis. The first Medal was presented to the family of Dag Hammarskjöld in 1998.
About Jitender Kumar
- Late Indian Police Officer Jitender Kumar laid down his while serving in the United Nations Organisation Stabilisation Mission (UNOSM) in the Central African country of Congo.
- He will be honoured posthumously with Dag Hammarskjold Medal on observance of International Day of UN Peacekeepers (29 May).
- On behalf of the fallen Indian peacekeeper the medal would be collected by Syed Akbaruddin, India’s Permanent Representative to the UN Ambassador at a solemn ceremony which will take place at the UN in New York.
- India is the 4th largest contributor of uniformed personnel (Blue Helmet) to UNPKF. It is currently contributing more than 6,400 military and police personnel to UN peace operations in West Asia, Western Sahara, Congo, Lebanon, Abyei, Cyprus, Haiti, and South Sudan.
Tags: Dag Hammarskjöld • Dag Hammarskjöld Medal • Jitender Kumar • nternational Day of UN Peacekeepers • Syed Akbaruddin • UN • UN Security Council • United Nations • United Nations Organisation Stabilisation Mission • UNPKF • UNSC resolution 1121
On 17 May, World Telecommunication and Information Society Day (WTISD) was celebrated throughout the world. The year 2019 marks the 50th anniversary of WTISD.
- Background: The World Telecommunication and Information Society Day was first observed on 17 May since 1969. The day marks the establishment of International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and also the signing of the first International Telegraph Convention in 1865 in Paris. Since 1969 it is being celebrated every year.
- Objective: It seeks to help raise awareness about possibilities which can be brought to societies and economies with the use of Internet and other information and communication technologies (ICT). It also promotes awareness about using ICT to explore ways to bridge digital divide.
About WTISD 2019
- This year’s theme was: ‘Bridging the standardization gap’.
- 2019 theme will allow International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Members and other stakeholders to focus on opportunities:
- To promote implementation of international standards in developing countries.
- To Increase participation of developing countries in ITU’s standards-making process.
- To empower local experts in standardization process at national, regional and international levels.
- ITU was established in 1865 and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
- Function: It is the specialized agency of United Nations (UN) for issues concerning information and communication technologies (ICTs). The fundamental pillar of ITU’s mission is setting standards. ITU standards also help accelerate ICTs for all Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).
- It is a member of United Nations Development Group (UNDP).
- Members: 193 countries and about 800 sector members including academic institutions and private sector entities has membership of ITU.
- India: Since 1869 India is an active member of ITU. It became a regular member of ITU Council in 1952. In November 2018, India was reelected as a ITU Council’s Member for another 4-year term beginning 2019 to 2022.
Tags: Information and communication technologies (ICTs) • International Telecommunication Union • International Telegraph Convention • ITU • ITU Council • orld Telecommunication and Information Society Day • SDG • Sustainable Development Goals • UN • UNDP • United Nations • United Nations Development Group • WTISD 2019