United Nations Current Affairs - 2020

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27 June: International MSME Day

The Micro, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises Day (MSME) Day was celebrated across the world on 27 June. The theme for MSME Day 2019 was ‘Big Money For Small Business: Financing the SDGs’.

Theme SME Day 2019Big Money For Small Business: Financing the SDGs. It is dedicated towards raising awareness of need for greater investment into small and mid-sized businesses in developing countries and celebrate gigantic contribution which smaller companies make to global economy.

Global Celebration

With the aim of overcoming challenges faced by MSME, the International Trade Center, (a United Nations’ entity) that works in internationalization of micro and SMEs on occasion of MSME Day 2019 launched its flagship report tilted- The SME Competitiveness Outlook 2019: Big money for small businesses.

Celebrations in India

To observe the International MSME Day, Union Ministry of Micro Small and Medium Enterprises organized an international convention on theme- Indian MSMEs, Global Aspirations, in New Delhi.

Moreover, as part of continued celebrations of MSME day, the 2nd edition of International SME Convention 2019 is scheduled to be held from 28- 29 June 2019.

100 SMEs (Small and medium-sized enterprises) selected by a jury from among 34011 nominations received from across India are also being felicitated under the aegis of 6th Annual India SME 100 Awards, which is India ‘s most prestigious annual awards initiative for small and medium enterprises.

About UN MSME Day

United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in its 74th Plenary meeting held on 6 April 2017 declared 27 June to be observed as Micro, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises Day so as to recognizes importance of MSME in achieving sustainable development goals (SDG’s) and in promoting innovation, creativity and sustainable work for all.

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13 June: International Albinism Awareness Day observed

International Albinism Awareness Day (IAAD) is observed every year throughout the world on 13 June, with the aim of raising public awareness on albinism and to prevent attacks and discrimination against persons with albinism. Theme for IAAD 2019 was- Still Standing Strong. It calls upon people around the globe to recognize, celebrate and stand in solidarity with all albinism patients.

About Albinism

It is a rare, non-contagious, genetically inherited disorder present at birth. It is a congenital disorder characterized by partial or complete absence of pigment melanin in skin, hair, and eyes. In almost all types of albinism, both parents (who are carrier) even if they do not have albinism themselves must carry gene for it to be passed on. The albinism condition is found in both sexes regardless of ethnicity and in all countries worldwide.

There is no cure for absence of melanin that is predominantly central to albinism.

The lack of melanin in skin makes albinos more prone to sunburn and also skin cancers. It is also associated with eye related problems such as photophobia, amblyopia (lazy eye), nystagmus, etc.

Due to lack of melanin in skin as well as eyes of persons with albinism, they often have permanent visual impairment which mostly leads to disabilities. They also face discrimination due to their skin colour and thus are often subjected to multiple and intersecting discrimination on grounds of both disability and colour.

Background

A Canadian NGO named Under the Same Sun (UTSS), on an international level joined Yusuf Mohamed Ismail Bari-Bari, late Ambassador of Mission of Somalia to United Nations (UN), in his effort to pass a resolution for promoting and protecting rights of persons with albinism. Such a resolution came about when on June 13 2013 United Nation Human Rights Council (UNHRC) adopted 1st ever resolution on albinism.

Thereafter, on 26 June 2014 UNHRC in its resolution 26/10 recommended 13 June to be proclaimed as International Albinism Awareness Day by United Nations’ General Assembly (UNGA). Later, UNGA adopted resolution 69/170 on 18 December 2014 and proclaimed 13 June with effect from 2015 to be observed as International Albinism Awareness Day.

Why this date?

The 13 June date was chosen is reminiscent of UN’s first ever resolution which was passed on 13 June year before.

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