United Nations Current Affairs - 2020

July 18: Nelson Mandela International Day

Every year Nelson Mandela International Day is marked all over the world on July 18. The day was officially declared by the United Nations in 2009 and the first UN Mandela day was observed in 2010.


The day is observed as a global call to action that celebrates the idea, “Every individual has the power to transform the world”.

Nelson Mandela

He was born on July 18, 1918. Nelson Mandela International Day is celebrated on his birth anniversary.

Mandela served as the president of South Africa between 1994 and 1999. He was the first black head of the state.

He co-founded the militant Umkhonto we Sizwe in 1961. It was the armed wing of African National Congress. Nelson Mandela ended apartheid. Apartheid was a system of institutionalized racial segregation that prevailed in South West Africa and South Africa from 1948.


Nelson Mandela received more than 260 awards. He won the Nobel Prize for peace in 1993. In 1990, the India Government awarded the Bharat Ratna for his role in anti-apartheid movement. Bharat Ratna is one of the highest civilian awards in India.

Facts Box: India-Russia plan joint projects in Asia and Africa

India and Russia held a virtual meeting on “India-Russia Relations in the context of post-pandemic global order”. The meet was organized by Indian Council of World Affairs (ICWA) and Russian International Affairs Council (RIAC).


The conference was initiated in 2017 and was being held alternately in Moscow and New Delhi. The experts attending the conference discussed potential of digital technologies to activate economic relations and reforms. The countries agreed to create an ecosystem of startups to develop Information Technology.


Asia and Africa have been the priority for both the countries. India and Russia have also been cooperating in BRICS, SCO, RIC (Russia-India-Chin), UN and G20. The council meet will also help to reviewing projects. It will also help to identify new areas where the countries can begin joint ventures.

Indian Council of World Affairs

The Indian Council of World Affairs was established in 1943. It was declared as an institution of national importance in 2001. The ICWA is a member of United Nations Academic Impact.

The Vice President of India is the Ex-Officio President of the council. Ministry of External Affairs is its vice President.

United Nations Academic Impact

The UNAI is a wing of the United Nations that aligns institutions of higher education, research and scholarship with the UN and also with each other. It also helps to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals by bringing out relationship between education and sustainable development.