United Nations Current Affairs - 2020

NCRB report on women and child trafficking: Mumbai and Kolkata highest

In 2011, the Supreme Court had constituted a panel to submit its report on children and women trafficking. The panel submitted its report in 2019. It had recommended NCRB (National Crime Records Bureau) to compile data on missing children and women trafficking. The key findings of the report prepared by NCRB is as follows

Findings

The report says that the common causes of trafficking are sexual exploitation, child labour and domestic help. Mumbai and Kolkata reported maximum number of trafficking.

Maharashtra reported the maximum number of missing women and Madhya Pradesh reported maximum number of cases of missing children. Of all the states, Odisha reported maximum rise in missing women cases. The percentage of increase in Odisha was around 143% in 2018 as compared to the previous year. The report also quoted data from United Nations.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

The UNODC Global Report, 2018, reported that the 35% of victims trafficked were for forced labour. Also, more than half of the reported cases were females.

WHO report: Cancer Cases to increase by 81% in 2040

While the world marked World Cancer Day on February 4, 2020, the World Health Organization released its report on Cancer.

Highlights

According to the report, the cancer cases will increase by 81% by 2040. This is mainly due to lack of investment. The report says that it is essential to invest 25 billion USD in the next decade to save millions of lives.

The treatment for cancer in developed countries has brought down the mortality rate due to cancer by 20%. However, in poorer countries the reduction was merely 5%.

The report also says that 25% of cancer deaths were due to tobacco consumption.

Tobacco in India

According to WHO, there are 120 million smokers in India. This is 12% of world smoker. The number of tobacco smokers in India grew by 36% between 1998 and 2015.

National Tobacco Control Programme

The Programme is currently being implemented in 612 districts. It aims at bringing awareness about tobacco control laws and harmful effects of tobacco usage.