United Nations Current Affairs - 2019

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

October 24: UN Day

The UN Day marks the entry into force of the UN Charter in 1945. However, the day is being commemorated since 1948. In 1971, UN recommended that the day be observed as public holiday by member nations.

Next year, October 24, 2020 UN completes its journey of successful 75 years. In order mark the anniversary, UN has launched “UN75: 2020 and Beyond-Shaping our future together”. The celebrations are being begun this year. Throughout the year, UN will hold meetings with nations and will invite them to participate in its collective action to realize peace, development and human rights for all.

Highlights

  • From January 2020, UN will hold dialogues around the world.
  • It will work towards the aim of reaching global public, listen to their hopes and fears and learn from their experiences.
  • UN75 will undertake global opinion polling, internet analysis to collate robust, representative and comparative data.
  • It will also collect video and audio recordings with testimonials from people who have participated in illustrating people’s views and ideas.

Need of the commemoration

In many countries public trust in traditional institutions are declining. The relations between the countries are under strain. Apart from this, tackling issues like climate crisis, new patterns of violence, inequality, major changes in population and technology requires cooperation across borders, sectors and generations.

The SDG (Sustainable Development Goals) help solve above solutions. As an international organization, it is essential for the United Nations to bring the world together to achieve this.

October 20: World Statistics Day

The World Statistics Day was celebrated for the first time in 2010. It was declared by the United Nations Statistical Commission. It is celebrated once in 5 years. India celebrates Statistics Day on 29th June, on the birthday of the legend statistician Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis.

The next World Statistics Day is to be celebrated on October 20, 2020. On October 15, 2015 the second World Statistics Day was celebrated under the

Theme: Better Data, Better Lives.

Significance

Statistics describe reality of people’s every day life. It is essential for framing sound social and economic policies. According to the United Nations, Statics is the path finder for solution as well as a veritable tool in assessing the extent of level of development of a country in a given period of rime.

The information obtained from statistics is used for central and local financial allocation, and use planning, providing education facilities, health care planning, etc. Statistics also help to monitor and evaluate ongoing economic reforms.