United Nations Current Affairs - 2019

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UN Climate Action Summit, 2019 held in New York

The UN Climate Change Summit, 2019 was held in New York. The key focus of the summit is to accelerate the actions to implement Paris agreement. To achieve this the summit focuses in 9 independent tracks that are led by 19 countries supported by international organizations. India and Sweden are leading the “Industry Transition” track and are supported by the World Economic Forum. The other tracks are as follows:

Action Portfolios of the summit

The following action portfolios were prioritized in the summit

  1. Energy transition – To accelerate the shift from fossil fuels to renewable energy
  2. Industry transition – To transform industries like steel, chemical, oil and gas, cement.
  3. Nature based solutions – To increase sink capacity and increasing resilience of oceans, forestry and agriculture by reducing emissions
  4. Cities and local action – Building low – emission buildings, transport.
  5. Resilience
  6. Climate finance and carbon pricing

Apart from this there are other 3 additional key areas. They are

  1. Mitigation – To create momentum for ambitious NDCs (Nationally Determined Contributions) and long term strategies that can achieve Paris agreement
  2. Public mobilization and Youth Engagement – To take actions against climate change
  3. Social and political drivers – to increase commitments in the areas like reduction in air pollution, generating jobs, protect vulnerable groups that affect well – being of the people.

Industry transition

The prime ministers of India and Sweden will launch a leadership group in September 24, 2019. The group will work on 3 central pillars

  • Public private collaboration
  • Industry commitment
  • Innovation and technology exchange
About UN Climate Action Summit

The first summit had taken place in California in 2018. The purpose of the summit is to bring leaders from around the world together to hasten the implementation of Paris Agreement. At 2018 summit, the NDCs were re-calibrated. It was an opportunity to recognize the roadblocks and increase the commitments.

5 September: International Day of Charity observed

The International Day of Charity is observed every year on September 5 across the world. It aims to recognise role of charity in alleviating human ‎suffering within and among nations. It also seeks to raise awareness and provide common platform for charity related activities for charitable, philanthropic and volunteer organizations and individuals all over the world for their own purposes on national, regional and international level.

Background

The International Day of Charity was instituted by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) by adopting resolution A/RES/67/105PDF on 17 December 2012. Why September 5? It is death anniversary of Mother Teresa. It was celebrated for first time in 2013. On this day, UN invites all Member States, international and regional organizations, as well as civil society to commemorate this day for encouraging charity, including through education and public awareness-raising activities.