Universal Health Coverage Current Affairs - 2019
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World Health Day 2019 will be observed worldwide on the 7th of April with the theme “Universal health coverage”. The theme Universal health coverage seeks to ensure that everyone can obtain the care they need, when they need it, right in the heart of the community.
World Health Organisation (WHO) notes that even though progress is being made in countries in all regions of the world millions of people still have no access at all to health care and are forced to choose between health care and other daily expenses such as food, clothing and even a home.
The theme Universal health coverage reminds world leaders that everyone should be able to access the health care they need, when and where they need it.
Why April 7?
The World Health Day is celebrated on April 7, 1948 to commemorate the establishment of WHO which came into being to address vital health care issues. WHO is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
The Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM JAY) proposes three models through which the states can implement the scheme. They are
Under this Model, the premiums are paid to the insurance company, which administers and pays the claim.
Under this Model, each State forms its own trust to manage the scheme and claims will be disbursed from a corpus created from central and State government contributions.
Under this Model, a part of the claim comes under the insurance model while the balance gets processed under the trust.
Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM JAY)
Pradhan Mantri – Jan Arogya Yojana (PM JAY) is a scheme of the government under Ayushman Bharat which aims to reduce the financial burden on poor and vulnerable groups arising out of catastrophic hospital episodes and ensure their access to quality health services was conceived.
Under the PM-JAY scheme about 10.74 crore poor, deprived rural families and identified occupational categories of urban workers’ families as per the latest Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC) data (approx. 50 crore beneficiaries) will have health benefit cover of Rs Five Lakhs per family per year at free of cost. The health benefit cover includes more than 1,350 medical packages covering surgery, medical and daycare treatments, cost of medicines and diagnostics.
PM-JAY seeks to accelerate India’s progress towards the achievement of Universal Health Coverage (UHC) and Sustainable Development Goal 3 which calls for ensuring healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.