Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act Current Affairs - 2020
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The Centre has extended a ban on Assam-based Bodo insurgent group National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB) citing that the terrorist outfit has continued to indulge its involvement in violent activities which includes killings, extortion and joining hands with anti-India forces. The NDFB was declared an outlawed outfit in 1990s, the ban has been extended every five years since then.
Why is NDFB banned?
Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has extended ban on NDBF under provisions of sub-section (1) of section 3 of Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967. MHA also notified that NDFB was indulging in illegal and violent activities intended to disrupt sovereignty and territorial integrity of India. This is in furtherance of NDBF’s objective of achieving a separate Bodoland. The notification also pointed out that since January 2015, NDFB was involved in 62 violent incidents which resulted in killings of 19 civilians and 55 extremists, besides arresting of 450 ultras and confiscation of 444 arms and weapons.
The NDFB, formed in 1986 to obtain a sovereign Boroland for the Bodo people. Since then NDFB has been engaging in unlawful and violent activities thereby undermining the authority of Union Government as well as Government of Assam. It has also been spreading terror and panic among people and continues to indulge in extortion of money from various sections of society with a view to financing and executing its plans for the creation of a separate Bodoland resulting in killings and destruction of properties of non-Bodos, inhabiting the Bodo-dominated areas in Assam. Moreover, it still continues to embark on a systematic drive for recruitment of fresh cadres with a view to continue its terrorist and insurgency activities.
Tags: Assam • Boroland • Ministry of Home Affairs • National Democratic Front of Bodoland • NDBF
A peace agreement was signed between Government of India, State government of Tripura and Tripura’s banned insurgency group National Liberation Front of Twipra led by Sabir Kumar Debbarma (NLFT-SD). As per the agreement NLFT-SD has agreed to abjure path of violence and join mainstream.
A Memorandum of Settlement was also signed in this regard between, Centre, State Government of Tripura and NLFT-SD with group also being agreed to surrender its 88 cadres with their weapons.
National Liberation Front of Twipra (NLFT) has been banned under Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA) since 1997. The group has been involved in violence, operating from their camps across international border.
NLFT-SD: The insurgent group has been responsible for violent activities during period 2005-2015 including 317 insurgency incidents in which 28 security forces and 62 civilians lost their lives. In 2015, peace talks with NLFT were initiated and since 2016 there has been no violence by NLFT.
The surrendered cadres will be given surrender benefits as per Scheme for Surrender-cum-Rehabilitation of Militants in the North-East, 2018 of Ministry of Home Affairs.
State Government of Tripura will help surrendered cadres in recruitment, housing, and education. Also, centre will consider proposals of Tripura State Government regarding economic development of tribal areas of Tripura.