Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act Current Affairs - 2019

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Indian Government Extends Ban on LTTE for Five Years

The Ministry of Home Affairs in a freshly issued notification extended ban on the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, also known as: Tamil Tigers) in India for a another period of five years.

Key Highlights

Ban: The Union Home Ministry notified extended ban (of 5 years) to LTTE under sub-sections (1) and (3) of section 3 of the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 (37 of 1967) with immediate effect, thus declared LTTE as an Unlawful Association.

Reasons by GoI: Notification states that-

  • Even after LTTE’s military defeat in May 2009, it continues to adopt a strong anti-India posture and also continues to pose a grave threat to security of Indian nationals.
  • It has continued its disruptive and violent activities which are prejudicial to integrity and sovereignty of India.

Recent Findings:

  • LTTE has not abandoned concept of Tamil Eelam and is undertaking propaganda activities and fundraising for its Eelam cause in Europe.
  • The pro-LTTE groups and Tamil chauvinist groups continue to foster separatist tendencies amongst Indian masses especially in Tamil Nadu. Recently, activities of LTTE remnant cadres and supporters have been traced out in Tamil Nadu.
    • The Diaspora continued to spread anti-India feeling amongst Sri Lankan Tamils through their articles in Internet, by holding Indian Government responsible for defeat of LTTE.

About Liberation Tigers Of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)

  • It is a Sri Lanka based Tamil militant and political organization, which was founded in 1976.
  • Its objective is to create an independent state of Tamil Eelam in the north and east of Sri Lanka (areas comprising Tamil Majority).
  • It was banned in India following the assassination of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in 1991 by its members.

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Centre Bans Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF) Under UAPA

The Central Government has banned the Yasin Malik-led Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF) as an unlawful association under the provisions of Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA).

Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front

  • Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF) is spearheading the separatist ideology in the Kashmir valley and has been at the forefront of the separatist activities and violence since 1988.
  • It is also alleged that JKLF was involved in murders of Kashmiri Pandits in 1989 which led to their exodus from the valley.
  • It is also said that JKLF is posing a security threat to the country and is posing threat to the territorial integrity and sovereignty of India.
  • JKLF is also actively and continuously encouraging feelings of enmity and hatred against the lawfully established government as well as armed rebellion.

The decision to ban JKLF was taken in accordance with the policy of zero tolerance against terrorism.

Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA), 1967

UAPA is anti-terrorist law aimed at effective prevention of unlawful activities associations in India. UAPA’s objective is to provide necessary powers to the investigating agencies to act against activities directed against the integrity and sovereignty of India.

UAPA bans certain terrorist associations, penalises membership and association with such organizations and punishes terrorist activities. UAPA imposes reasonable restrictions on the exercise of freedom of speech and expression, to assemble peaceably without arms and to form associations in interests of sovereignty and integrity of India.

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