Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act Current Affairs - 2019

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Govt. signs Memorandum of Settlement with National Liberation Front of Twipra

A peace agreement was signed between Government of India, State government of Tripura and Tripura’s banned insurgency group National Liberation Front of Twipra led by Sabir Kumar Debbarma (NLFT-SD). As per the agreement NLFT-SD has agreed to abjure path of violence and join mainstream.

A Memorandum of Settlement was also signed in this regard between, Centre, State Government of Tripura and NLFT-SD with group also being agreed to surrender its 88 cadres with their weapons.

Key Highlights

National Liberation Front of Twipra (NLFT) has been banned under Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA) since 1997. The group has been involved in violence, operating from their camps across international border.

NLFT-SD: The insurgent group has been responsible for violent activities during period 2005-2015 including 317 insurgency incidents in which 28 security forces and 62 civilians lost their lives. In 2015, peace talks with NLFT were initiated and since 2016 there has been no violence by NLFT.

The surrendered cadres will be given surrender benefits as per Scheme for Surrender-cum-Rehabilitation of Militants in the North-East, 2018 of Ministry of Home Affairs.

State Government of Tripura will help surrendered cadres in recruitment, housing, and education. Also, centre will consider proposals of Tripura State Government regarding economic development of tribal areas of Tripura.

Pro-Khalistan group ‘The Sikhs for Justice’ banned by govt.

Pro-Khalistani group ‘The Sikhs for Justice’ (SFJ) has been banned by Central government for its alleged anti-national activities. In a recently held Union Cabinet meeting decision was taken to ban on Sikh fundamentalist organisation SFJ under Section 3 of Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA) for its alleged anti-national activities.

Reasons for ban given by government is that the Sikhs for Justice has been indulging in activities prejudicial to internal security of India and public order and have potential of disturbing peace and unity and integrity of country. Also, the group openly espouses cause of Khalistan and in that process challenges the sovereignty and territorial integrity of India.

About The Sikhs for Justice

It is a US-based Pro-Khalistani group that was formed in 2007.

It is headed by Avtar Singh Pannun and Gurpatwant Singh Pannun. The internal group of SFJ comprises of 8 to 10 people but, it’s online support is close to 2 lakh.

SFJ primary objective: to establish an independent and sovereign country in Punjab.

It gained prominence only in last 5 years as it started advocating a separate Khalisatn state. For this purpose it also started an online secessionist campaign, ‘Sikh Referendum 2020’. SKJ pushes for Sikh Referendum 2020 as part of its separatist agenda.

Cases Registered: Punjab Police has registered 10 different cases against SFJ and it’s members, while National Investigation Agency (NIA) is also probing group in one case. But in all 11 cases, investigators found that SFJ was providing money and logistical support to local terrorists in Punjab to carry out subversive activities.

What is Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act?

It is an Indian law which is aimed at effective prevention of unlawful activities associations in India.

Objective: to make powers available for dealing with activities directed against integrity and sovereignty of India.

UAPA was first framed in 1967, and since then it has been amended twice- first in 2008 and then in 2012.