Unorganised sector Current Affairs - 2020
On May 5, 2020, the Jharkhand Government launched three schemes to increase working hours of MNREGA workers. The schemes will help generate more than 25 crore man days and help workers earn more wages.
The schemes were launched by the Jharkhand CM Hemant Soren. The schemes are as follows
- Birsa Harit Gram Yojana
- Nilamber-Pitamber Jal Samridhi Yojana
- Veer Shahid Poto Ho Khel Vikas Yojana
The State Rural Development Department has set target of generating 25 crore man days with an allocated amount of Rs 20,000 crores. The completion of work period under the scheme is three years.
Birsa Harit Gram Yojana
Under the scheme, fruit bearing plantations are to be planted on either side of the roads. This will help the villagers earn an annual income of Rs 50,000 after three years. Meanwhile, during the plantation and growing phase, the MNREGA would support them.
Nilamber-Pitamber Jal Samridhi Yojana
The aim of the scheme is to increase ground water. It intends to create 5 lakh crore litres of ground water reserve. This will help in cultivation of waste lands.
Veer Shahid Poto Ho Khel Vikas Yojana
Under the scheme, playgorunds at panchayat levels are to be constructed to promote sports and reserve jobs under sports quota.
With the migrants returning to their home, the population in the rural areas has exploded. And, so did unemployment among rural labourers. Of the overall migrated population, majority were from unorganized sector. Therefore, the GoI under its Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann yojana increased MNREGA wages from Rs 182 to Rs 202.
The state schemes, therefore, will help in rural development.
Tags: Government Schemes • Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MNREGA) • Migrant Workers • MNREGA • Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Ann Yojana
The Ministry of Labour has set up 20 control rooms to address wage related issues. They can be accessed by the workers through phone numbers, emails and WhatsApp.
The Ministry of Labour has set up helpline for workers mainly to address the grievances of migrant workers. Also, the workers can register their complaints through emails and WhatsApp.
The control rooms will act as call centres. They are to be monitored by Labour Enforcement Officers, Regional Labour Commissioners, Assistant Labour Commissioners and Deputy Chief Labour Commissioners. The centres have been set up in different cities namely Ajmer, Ahmedabad, Asanol, Bhubaneshwar, Chandigarh, Chennai, Dehradun, Cochin, Delhi, Guwahati, Dhanbad, Hyderabad, Kanpur, Jabalpur, Kolkata, Nagpur, Mumbai, Raipur and Patna.
The control rooms will help the migrant workers as they are badly affected due to Lock down. The number of migrant workers in the country according to the International Labour Organization is 40 crore.