UNSC Current Affairs - 2020

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RAISINA DIALOGUE: Ind-Fin MoU; Russia on India’s UNSC membership and Indo-Pacific

The Raisina Dialogue was held at New Delhi for four days recently. Leaders from several countries participated in the dialogue. It included foreign ministers from 13 countries including Iran, Australia and Russia. During the Raisina Dialogue, India and Finland signed a defence agreement. Also, Russia announced that it supports India for the latter’s permanent membership at the UNSC (United Nations Security Council)

Russia at Raisina Dialogue

Indo-Pacific

Russia at the Raisina Dialogue questioned the idea of “Indo-Pacific”. It said that the concept of Indo-Pacific is divisive. Russia also believes that the concept of Indo-Pacific isolates China and also aims to move away from ASEAN centred building model.

UNSC Membership

Russia at the Raisina Dialogue also announced that it backs India for the latter’s permanent UNSC membership. Along with India, Brazil is also seeking permanent membership from UNSC. Russia extended its support to Brazil as well.

India-Finland

On the sidelines of the Raisina Dialogue, India and Finland signed a Defence MoU. The agreement aimed to increase cooperation between the countries in terms of procurement, production, R&D of Defence related equipment. The agreement was under discussion between the countries since DefExpo 2018. It has now been formalized to run up to DefExpo 2020. The talks for the agreement was initiated by PM Modi at the first India-Nordic Summit held at Stockholm.

India-Nordic Summit

The Nordic countries are the countries in Northern Europe and North Atlantic. It mainly includes Finland, Denmark, Iceland, Sweden and Norway. At the India-Nordic Summit, the areas of economic growth, global security, climate change and innovation were focused.

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UNSC meet on Kashmir cancelled

The United Nations Security Council meet was sought by China on December 17, 2019. The meeting was sought after India decided to end special status of Jammu and Kashmir by abrogating Article 370. However, the meeting was cancelled with the French supporting India. All over the world Pakistan is supported only by China, Turkey and Malaysia over the Kashmir issue.

Highlights

China insisted reviving India-Pakistan issue in the United Nations where the issue has been dormant since 1971. India believes that China is bringing up the issue ahead of India-china special representatives meet in Agra and India-US 2+2 defence talks that are to be held in December 2019.

In August 2019, the UNSC held a closed-door meeting to discuss India-Pakistan issues. However, no final statement was released at the end of the meeting.

United Nations Security Council

The UNSC is the most powerful organization of the United Nations whose responsibility is to maintain peace and security. India is not a permanent member of the UNSC. As a member of G4, India is seeking permanent representation. All the G4 countries are seeking permanent membership. It includes Brazil, Germany, India and Japan. Unlike G7, where the primary focus is economy, at G4 the common denominator is to get permanent membership seat at the security council.

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