UNSC Current Affairs - 2019
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India and Sweden signed a security protection agreement that will enable the two countries to share classified information with each other. The agreement was signed during the visit of the Indian Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman to Sweden.
About the Agreement
Sweden has similar agreements with over 30 countries around the world, as well as with the EU and NATO. The salient features of the agreement are:
- The agreement will regulate how sensitive information is to be handled, processed and protected.
- The pact will provide a framework for greater cooperation on the high end and cutting edge technology and manufacturing.
Indian has proposed dialogue to enable a greater understanding of the successful model of collaboration between government, industry and academia in building technologically advance ecosystem.
India also thanked Swedish PM Lofven for his support to India’s bid for the permanent seat in the United Nation Security Council (UNSC) and the multilateral export control regime–Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR)
India Sweden Ties
Sweden is a Scandinavian country with capital at Stockholm and currency Swedish krona.
In April 2018, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had visited Stockholm and had held a meeting with his Swedish counterpart Stefan Lofven. Both the leaders agreed to enhance the cooperation in the field of defence, cyber-security and innovation. PM Lofven with his delegation had participated in the ‘Make in India’ programme in 2016.
The United Nations Security Council resolution 2454 has been adopted unanimously. The features of the resolution 2454 are:
- They extend the sanctions against the Central African Republic (CAR) for a year.
- The resolution renews an arms embargo, travel ban and asset freeze till January 31, 2020.
- The mandate of the panel of experts, which helps the Security Council with the implementation of the sanctions, until Feb 29, 2020, has been extended.
- The establishment of key benchmarks in various sectors that could help the Security Council to review the arms embargo by April 30, 2019.
Sanctions against the Central African Republic
The Central African Republic has been haunted by violence between Muslims and Christians since predominantly Muslim, Seleka rebels overthrew the Christian president in March 2013 and seized power.
Anti-Balaka militias, mostly Christians, fought back, resulting in thousands of deaths and displacement. As a result, many fled to the country’s north and across the border into Chad and Cameroon. There was an incitement of violence based on religion and ethnicity.
The UNSC unanimously adopted the Security Council Resolution 2127 in 2013 as a response to the breakdown of law and order which saw increasing violence and widespread human rights abuses in the Central African Republic and it is being renewed subsequently.
The Resolution 2127 imposed several measures including a year-long embargo on the supply of arms, military equipment and related assistance to non-state actors in the CAR.