UNSC Reforms Current Affairs - 2020

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India, Sierra Leone sign six agreements including $30 mn line of credit

To expand the bilateral relations in various fields, India and Sierra Leone signed six agreements including extending a credit line of $30 million for rice cultivation. The agreement was signed during the second leg of Vice President Venkaiah Naidu’s five-day visit to the West African countries, as part of which he reached Freetown, capital of Sierra Leone.

During the visit, Vice President Venkaiah Naidu and Sierra Leone President Julius Maada Bio showed committed towards further strengthening bilateral relations.

Key Highlights of Visit

In support of the Line of Credit extended by India to the tune of $30 million for Irrigation development in Tomabum to achieve self-sufficiency in rice production, an agreement was also signed with EXIM Bank of India in this regard.

UNSC Reforms: Both countries also agreed to push for United Nations Security Council (UNSC) reforms so that one-third (33%) of mankind residing in Africa and India occupy their rightful place in decision making bodies of UN. Moreover, UN also need to be reformed to reflect realities of today and address current global challenges.

India announced its decision to establish a High Commission in Sierra Leone.

Both countries have agreed to enhance cooperation in agriculture, infrastructure development, food processing, capacity building and Information Technology.

MoU Signed

For Sierra Leone to participate in India’s Pan-African tele-Education, tele-Medicine initiatives, e-Arogya Bharati and e-VidyaBharati.

To initiate a cultural exchange program between governments of India and Sierra Leone for the years 2019-23.

India- Sierra Leone

UNAMSIL: India was among the first countries to contribute to United Nation Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) with the deployment of 4000 strong Indian Military contingent.

So far, India’s developmental assistance to Sierra Leone is about $217.5 million for various sectors such as water resources, agriculture, energy and telecommunication.

e-Visa facility: India has extended e-Visa facility to the nationals of Sierra Leone for ease of mobility and both sides are also negotiating a visa waiver agreement for holders of diplomatic and official passports thus enhancing people-to-people linkages between the two countries.

During the recent visit, India proposed a line of credit for construction of a new President’s Office complex in Freetown.

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India-Africa Forum Summit adopts framework for strategic cooperation & Delhi Declaration

The Third India and Africa Forum Summit (IAFS) has adopted a Delhi Declaration 2015 and India-Africa Framework for Strategic Cooperation.

These agreements were adopted at the conclusion of third Summit which was attended by India and all 54 African countries in New Delhi.

Delhi Declaration-2015

  • Calls for continued collaboration in the fields of peace and security between India and Africa.
  • Provide a concrete foundation for the consolidation of our strategic partnership between both sides.
  • Enhance cooperation for strengthening of UN counter terrorism mechanism.
  • Enhance cooperation and coordination to combat terrorism in all its forms and manifestations.

India Africa Framework for Strategic Cooperation

  • Reaffirmed strong commitment to work together for comprehensive reforms of the United Nations system, including its UN Security Council.
  • Make these world governing institutions more regionally representative, democratic, accountable and effective.
  • Agreed to establish Small and Medium Enterprises and Medium and Small Industries to promote income generation and employment creation for people of both sides.
  • Ensure access to affordable and quality treatment and medicines, particularly generic medicines to people of both sides.

Third India-Africa Forum Summit (IAFS) was the largest international gathering of leaders in New Delhi after the 1983 Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) summit. It was also one of the largest gatherings of African countries outside Africa as all 54 nations of the continent had participated.

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