UNSECO Current Affairs - 2019
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The International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and Its Abolition was observed across world every year on 23 August. The day designated by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) to memorialize the transatlantic slave trade.
Observance of this day marks anniversary of 1791 insurrection of enslaved men and women in western part of island of Santo Domingo, which is now known as Haiti. These men and women torn from Africa and sold into slavery had revolted against the slave system. This Haitian Revolution had led to their freedom and independence in 1804. This Haitian Revolution had led to their freedom and independence in 1804. This uprising was turning point in human history.
International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition was proclaimed by UNESCO Executive Board by adopting resolution 29 C/40 by its General Conference at its 29th session. The Day was first celebrated in number of countries, particularly in Haiti on in 1998 and in Senegal in 1999.
May 3 is celebrated as World Press Freedom Day every year to celebrate fundamental principles of press freedom as well as to evaluate freedom of press around the world. It serves as occasion to defend media from attacks on their independence and to pay tribute to journalists who died while doing their profession.
The theme for year 2018 is ‘Keeping Power in Check: Media, Justice and The Rule of Law’. It highlights importance of enabling legal environment for press freedom and gives special attention to role of independent judiciary in ensuring legal guarantees for press freedom and prosecution of crimes against journalists. It also addresses role of media in sustainable development, especially during elections as watchdog fostering transparency, accountability and rule of law. It also explore legislative gaps with regard to freedom of expression and information online, and risks of regulating online speech
World Press Freedom Day
World Press Freedom Day was proclaimed by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in December 1993, following the recommendation adopted at 26th Session of UNESCO’s General Conference in 1991. This recommendation was a response to a call given by African journalists who in 1991 produced landmark Windhoek Declaration on media pluralism and independence. Since then 3 May, is observed as anniversary of Declaration of Windhoek and is celebrated worldwide as World Press Freedom Day. Observance of day provides opportunity to celebrate fundamental principles of press freedom; defend media from attacks on their independence; assess state of press freedom throughout world and pay tribute to journalists who have lost their lives in line of duty.