Urban Development Current Affairs - 2019
Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link
The data from the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has revealed the following facts about the implementation status of AMRUT Yojana:
- With only a year to the deadline, only 20 per cent of the total projects were completed utilising 3 per cent of the total funds approved.
- States like Bihar and Assam were not able to complete even a single project.
- Tamil Nadu topped the list by completing 378 projects. Tamil Nadu was the only State to have completed more than 300 projects.
- West Bengal with the completion of 194 projects stands distant second.
- Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala have completed more than 50 projects.
- Work is in progress for 3,222 projects at a cost of Rs 53,319 crore.
Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT)
Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) launched in 2015 aims to establish an infrastructure that could ensure adequate robust sewage networks and water supply for urban transformation. The AMRUT aimed to
- Ensure that every household has access to tap with an assured supply of water and a sewerage connection.
- Increase the amenity value of cities by developing greenery and well maintained open spaces (e.g. parks).
- Reduce pollution by switching to public transport or constructing facilities for non-motorized transport (e.g. walking and cycling).
The Union Government funds 50 per cent of project cost for cities with a population of up to 10 lakhs each and one-third of project cost for cities with a population of above 10 lakhs each.
AMRUT aimed at providing better infrastructure to cities with a population of more than one lakh, cities on the banks of main rivers, state capitals, cities under HRIDAY scheme and so on. The mission period is up to March 2020.
The World Cities Day is observed every year across the world on 31st October to work together for planned and sustainable urban life in the wake of rapid growth of population and problems.
The observance of this day aims to promote international community’s interest in global urbanization, push forward cooperation among countries in meeting opportunities and addressing challenges of urbanization, and contributing to sustainable urban development around the world. The global observation of 2018 World Cities Day was celebrated in Liverpool, United Kingdom.
2018 Sub-theme: ‘Building Sustainable and Resilient Cities’. It aims to highlight importance to support cities to become resilient and develop their capacity to absorb impact of hazards, protect and preserve human life and limit damage to and destruction of public and private assets while continuing to provide infrastructure and services after crisis.
The World Cities Day was established by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) by passing resolution 68/239 in December 2013. This day was constituted in recognition of significance of urban basic services as foundation for overall social and economic development. The general theme of World Cities Day is “Better City, Better Life”, to promote successes of urbanization and address specific challenges resulting from urbanization, while each year different sub-theme is selected to either promote successes of urbanization or to address specific challenges resulting from urbanization. The first World Cities Day is celebrated in Shanghai, China on 31 October 2014 under sub-theme “Leading Urban Transformations”.