Urban Development Ministry Current Affairs - 2019
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Mysuru city from Karnataka has been ranked first in terms of cleanliness for second time in row among the 73 surveyed cities in Swachh Sarvekshan 2016.
It was announced by Urban Development Minister Venkaiah Naidu during the Swachh Survekshan 2016 award function held in New Delhi.
- The rankings of the Swachh Survekshan Survey 2016 were conducted by Quality Council of India (QCI) as part of ‘Swachh Bharat Mission’.
- The survey was conducted to measure the impact of efforts under Swachh Bharat Mission for solid waste management, construction of toilets and service delivery level.
- In this ranking list, 15 cities have scored more than 70% of the total marks of 2000 and were categorized as Leaders.
- 20 cities have scored in the range of 60%-70% were categorized as Aspiring Leaders and those cities with scores in the range of 50%-60% need to accelerate their efforts.
- Cities that have scored below 50% are named Slow Movers and need to work harder to improve sanitation.
- Top 10 cities are: Mysore (1st rank), Chandigarh (2nd), Tiruchirappalli (3rd), Delhi (4th), Visakhapatnam (5th), Surat (6th), Rajkot (7th) and Gangtok (8th), Pimpri-Chinchwad (9th) and Greater Mumbai (10th).
- 10 Least clean cities: Dhanbad (73rd), Asansol (72nd), Itanagar (71st), Patna (70th), Meerut (69th), Raipur (68th), Ghaziabad (67th), Jamshedpur (66th), Varanasi (65th) and Kalyan Dombivili (64th).
The first Swachh Survekshan Survey was undertaken by Union Urban Development ministry in 2014 in 476 cities and municipalities which have a population of over 1, 00,000. Under the Swachh Bharat Mission, the government has set a target of constructing over one crore individual household toilets and over 2.5 lakh community toilet seats by 2nd October, 2019.
Union Urban Development Ministry has approved an investment of over Rs 3000 crore for boosting urban infrastructure in 102 cities across five states.
Decision in this regard was taken by Inter-Ministerial Apex Committee chaired by Urban Development Secretary Madhusudhan Prasad.
- The infrastructure investment under Action Plans for 2015-16 was approved under the flagship Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) Scheme.
- The five states are: Haryana, Chattisgarh, Telangana, Kerala and West Bengal.
- These funds under Action Plans for 2015-16 would be used to enhance water supply, sewerage network and availability of public spaces in these selected 102 cities
- State wise annual action plan: Haryana as 18 AMRUT cities and approved investment is Rs 438 crore; for Chattisgarh for Chattisgarh is Rs 573 crore.
- Besides Rs. 416 crore rupees for Telangana and Rs 588 crore for Kerala. The highest allocations of Rs.1,105 crore has been made to West Bengal.
AMRUT Scheme: It is an urban transformation scheme with the focus of the urban renewal projects to establish infrastructure that could ensure adequate robust sewerage networks and water supply.