Urbanisation Current Affairs - 2020

Facts Box: World Cities Summit

The World Cities Summit was recently postponed due to the threat of Corona Virus. The summit that is to be held in Singapore has been postponed to June 20, 2021. The Summit is an international conference that brings together policy makers to identify innovative solutions to cities that are facing challenges.

This year the summit was to be held under the theme

Theme: Liveable and Sustainable Cities: Adapting to a Disrupted World

About World Cities Summit

The World Cities Summit is biennial. It acts as a common platform for industry experts and government leaders to address sustainable city challenges.

Every year, the summit is held along with Clean Enviro Summit and International Water Week.

Singapore

The first summit was held in 2008. The city is just 721.5 square kilo metre in area. However, the Gross National Income of the city is e 53,530 USD. The city has grown rapidly since its independence. The summit helps other cities to learn live examples from Singapore.

The summit is organized by Singapore’s Centre for Liveable Cities and Urban Redevelopment Authority.

October 31: World Cities Day

The World Cities Day (WCD) is being celebrated by the United Nations to promote the international community’s interest in global urbanization. It also intends to address the challenges of urbanization and to contribute to sustainable urban development around the world. It was established in 2013.

The general theme of WCD is Better City, Better Life. However, every year a different sub-theme is selected. The sub theme is in such a way to either promote the success of urbanization or address specific challenges from urbanization.

Theme: changing the world: Innovations and better life for future generations

Significance

The theme is selected to discuss how urbanization can be used to achieve sustainable development. It aims at implementing the New Urban Agenda.

New Urban Agenda

The New Urban Agenda was adopted in Quito, Ecuador at the UN Conference on Housing and sustainable Urban Development in 2016. The conference is also known as Habitat Conference. The Agenda set global standards for the way the cities are to be built, managed and inhabited. Also, it aims at implementing SDG 11 which deals with making human cities and towns inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.

The Habitat conferences happen once in every 20 years. The habitat I was organized in Vancouver in 1976, Habitat II in Istanbul in 1996 and Habitat III in Quito in 2016.

Need

Over half of the world population now live in cities. The number is to double by 2050. It possesses great challenges related to environment, housing, infrastructure, climate change, basic services, infrastructure, food security, jobs, education, safety and natural resources.