Urjit Patel Current Affairs
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in its first bimonthly policy review for financial year 2018-19 has decided to maintain status quo in policy rates by keeping repo rate unchanged at 6.0%. This decision was taken by RBI’s six member Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) headed by RBI Governor Urjit Patel.
Key Highlights of 1st Bi-monthly policy
The MPC in its first bimonthly policy review for FY 19 voted 5-1 in favour of leaving the Repo rate unchanged. It is fourth time in a row RBI has unchanged repo rate, the rate at which RBI lends funds to banks.
Inflation Projection: RBI has remained cautious on continuing inflation risks. The consumer inflation for FY19 was projected to 4.7-5.1% in the first half of FY19 and 4.4% in second half as against forecast of 5.1-5.6% and 4.5-4.6%, respectively, in the last policy review.
RBI has flagged concerns about absence of more clarity on minimum support prices, monsoon outturn, volatility of crude prices and impact of state government-led house rent allowance increases. Further, in case there is any further fiscal slippage from Budget Estimates for 2018-19 it could adversely impact outlook on inflation
Growth Projections: RBI shifted projecting GDP (gross domestic product) as against GVA (gross value added) growth earlier. It sees GDP growth strengthening to 7.4% in FY19 from 6.6% in FY18 with growth at 7.3-7.4% in the first half and 7.3-7.6% in second half with risks evenly balanced. It also suggested that output gap is closing but downside risks on global trade protectionism, market volatility and weak domestic public finances exists.
Repo rate: It was unchanged at 6%. It is rate at which RBI lends to its clients generally against government securities.
Reverse Repo Rate: It was unchanged at 5.75%. It is rate at which banks lend funds to RBI.
Marginal Standing Facility (MSF) Rate: It was unchanged at 6.25%. It is rate at which scheduled banks can borrow funds overnight from RBI against government securities. It is very short term borrowing scheme for scheduled banks.
Bank Rate: It was unchanged at 6.25%. It is rate charged by central bank for lending funds to commercial banks. Higher bank rate will translate to higher lending rates by banks. It influences lending rates of commercial banks.
Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR): It was unchanged at 4%. It is amount of funds that banks have to keep with RBI. The RBI uses CRR to drain out excessive money from system.
Statutory Liquidity Ratio (SLR): It was unchanged at 19.5%. It is amount that banks have to maintain a stipulated proportion of their net demand and time liabilities (NDTL) in form of liquid assets like cash, gold and unencumbered securities, treasury bills, dated securities etc.
RBI Governor Urjit Patel was appointed to Financial Stability Institute Advisory Board (FSAB) or Bank of International Settlement (BIS). BIS is international financial organisation owned by 60 member central banks across world.
The Financial Stability Institute (FSI) of BIS assists financial sector authorities worldwide in strengthening their financial systems. Since beginning of 2017, FSI has been implementing new strategy that includes achieving closer interaction with central banks and financial supervisory agencies.
FSI Advisory Board
The FSI was jointly established by BIS and the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision in 1998. Its mandate is to promote cross- sectoral and cross-border supervisory contacts and cooperation. The advisory Board will provide strategic advice to help FSI continue to meet its mandate in way that is responsive to changing needs of its key stakeholders around the world. It will comprise small diverse group of central bank Governors, heads of financial sector supervision and chairs of standard-setting bodies and regional supervisory groups.
Bank for International Settlements (BIS)
BIS is international financial organisation owned by 60 member central banks, representing countries from around the world including India. It fosters international monetary and financial cooperation and serves as bank for central banks. It carries out its work through its meetings, programmes and through Basel Process – hosting international groups pursuing global financial stability and facilitating their interaction. Its headquarter is in Basel, Switzerland.