US-China trade dispute Current Affairs - 2020

Inter-Parliamentary Alliance on China

A group of eight democracies have launched Inter-Parliamentary Alliance on China. It is an international cross-party group of legislators that are working towards reforms on democratic countries approach towards China.

Highlights

The Alliance was formed by Japan, United Kingdom, Australia, Germany, Lithuania, Norway, Netherlands and USA. The European Union was also present when the representatives from these countries discussed about issues related to China.

Inter-Parliamentary Alliance on China

The Alliance follows two principles namely

  • Free, open and rules-based international cooperation to support human dignity
  • The Democratic states should maintain integrity in their political systems.

Background

The Alliance has met during a time when China is trying to dilute autonomy of Hong Kong. Also, during the time when several countries are raising concerns about origin of COVID-19.

About the alliance

The alliance is an international group of legislators that are working towards reforms on how countries approach China. The mission monitors developments and assists legislators to craft strategic approach on the issues related to China. The activities of the alliance fall into the following areas

  • Upholding human rights
  • Safeguarding international rules
  • Promoting fair trade
  • Strengthen security
  • Protect national integrity

US stops WHO funding

On April 15, 2020, the United States stopped its funding towards World Health Organization (WHO). The United States provides 400-500 million USD to the organization annually.

Highlights

The American President Donald Trump was threatening the world organization that the United States would freeze its funding. The President has now stopped the funding completely accusing the organization being completely China-centric.

Funds of WHO

There are four major kinds of contributions that make up the funds of WHO. It includes assessed contribution, voluntary contribution, core voluntary contributions and PIP contributions.

The Assessed contributions are the amounts that are expected to be paid by member states. The Voluntary contributions are funds provided by countries through private organizations. The core voluntary contributions are those funds that require immediate financing. The PIP contributions are Pandemic Influenza Preparedness that were begun in 2011 to strengthen access of vaccines by developing countries.

Among all the contributions, voluntary contributions make up most of the funding.