USAID Current Affairs - 2020

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India Energy Modelling Forum

Niti Ayog in association with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) organized the first workshop on the development of the India Energy Modelling Forum (IEMF).  The workshop was organized under the Sustainable Growth Pillar of the India-U.S. Strategic Energy Partnership.

 India Energy Modelling Forum

  • IEMF is envisaged as a pan-stakeholder platform for debating ideas, scenario-planning & discussing India’s energy future.
  • IEMF seeks to provide a platform for leading experts and policymakers to study important energy and environmental issues and ensure the induction of modelling and analysis in the informed decision-making process.
  • IEMF aims to improve cooperation and coordination between modelling teams, the Government of India, knowledge partners and think-tanks, build the capacity of Indian institutions, and identify issues for joint modelling activities and future areas of research.

The workshop featured eight expert sessions which saw discussions around the various aspects of setting up an India-centric energy modelling platform and was attended by various central government ministries and agencies.

India-U.S. Strategic Energy Partnership

India-U.S. Strategic Energy Partnership affirms the strategic importance of energy cooperation to the U.S.-India bilateral relationship and sets the stage for deeper and more meaningful engagements through government and industry channels.

Under the Strategic Partnership, the United States and India will pursue four primary pillars of cooperation:

  • Oil and Gas
  • Power and Energy Efficiency
  • Renewable Energy and Sustainable Growth
  • Coal

The Strategic Energy Partnership elevates the role of energy in advancing shared goals, including universal energy access, strengthened energy security and increased energy efficiency.

USAID-India End TB Alliance to eliminate TB announced

United States and India have formed ‘USAID-India End TB Alliance comprising leading experts in public and private sectors to combat the menace of tuberculosis. It was announced by US Agency for International Development (USAID) administrator Mark Green at event in New York in presence of Union Health Minister J P Nadda.

USAID-India End TB Alliance

The alliance members include industry and civil society leaders, academics, scientists, innovators, investors, and members of the diaspora. The experts in the alliance will offer innovative approaches to combat tuberculosis in India. It two members include Dr. Soumya Swaminathan, Director General of World Health Organisation (WHO) and Blessina Kumar from Global Coalition of TB Activists. USAID will make initial US $30 million commitment, subject to approval of the US Congress

Tuberculosis (TB)

TB is disease caused by bacteria “Mycobacterium tuberculosis” that most often affect the lungs. It spreads from person to person through the air. It commonly affects lungs but can also affect other parts of the body. It is the second biggest killer disease worldwide next only to HIV/AIDS. ndia accounts for about a quarter of the global TB burden. Worldwide India is the country with the highest burden of both TB and MDR (Multi-drug resistant) TB. It accounts for 27% of the world’s TB cases, with 421,000 deaths per year i.e. one TB related death every minute. In March 2017, Government had set aim elimination of TB in India by 2025.