Uttar Pradesh [UPPSC] Current Affairs - 2020
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Government has launched its flagship scheme ‘Intensified Mission Indradhanush 2.0’ to focus on full immunization coverage of 272 districts spread over 27 states and 652 blocks of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar among hard-to-reach and tribal populations. The Mission Indradhanush 2.0 will be carried out between December 2019 and March 2020.
Mission Indradhanush 2.0
Objective: To prevent 8 diseases under mission as well as to escalate efforts to achieve goal of attaining 90% national immunization coverage across India.
Salient features of IMI 2.0:
The Intensified Mission Indradhanush immunization drive/ activity will consist of 4 rounds of immunization over 7 working days, excluding Sundays, RI days and holidays.
It will cover vaccines for measles, tetanus, diphtheria, whooping cough, Hepatitis B, tuberculosis (Tb), meningitis and poliomyelitis. In selected areas, vaccines for Japanese encephalitis (JE) and Hemophilus influenza will also be provided. IMI would also ensure that the children under 2 years of age and pregnant women are immunized against 8 vaccine-preventable diseases.
It would include an enhanced immunization session with flexible timing, mobile session and mobilization by other departments. Enhanced focus will also be on left outs, dropouts, and resistant families & hard to reach areas. Also focusing on urban, underserved population and tribal areas.
Tags: Bihar [BPSC] • Disease Prevention • IMI 2.0 • Immunization • Mission Indradhanush
The Uttar Pradesh Government has launched a three-day campaign against Filaria as GoI has set a target of eradicating Filaria completely by 2021. The campaign began on November 25, 2019 and is to run till December 10, 2019.
The campaign will cover 47 districts and will aim at eradicating Filaria from Uttar Pradesh. The campaigning team will reach every door and provide medicines. The medicines include one tablet of DEC and one tablet of Albendazole. All the age group from children to elderly are to be covered. The dosage of the medicines is fixed according to the age of the persons.
The campaign will also provide special emphasis on mosquito free environment.
According to WHO, Filaria is the second-largest disease that makes people handicapped on a large scale. The organization says that around 65 million Indians are at the risk of the disease and 4.5 lakh are already suffering from Filaria.
In India, most of the Filarial outbreaks are found in eastern Maharashtra and Malabar coasts.
Filaria is spread through Culex fatigans female mosquito. The disease is caused by the Filarioidea type roundworms.
Global alliance to eliminate Filariasis
In June 2018, India hosted the Global Alliance to eliminate Filariasis. The meeting was held in New Delhi. The organization aims at bringing together public and private organizations to fight against the disease. It also focuses on mobilization of political, technical and financial resources to eradicate the disease completely.
Tags: Global Alliance to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis • Health • Health care • Lymphatic Filariasis • mosquito