Uttar Pradesh Current Affairs - 2019
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The Prayagraj Kumbh Mela 2019 has made into Guinness World Records in the following three sectors:
- Largest traffic and crowd management plan.
- Biggest painting exercise of public sites under paint my city scheme.
- Biggest sanitation and waste disposal mechanism.
Kumbh Mela, the festival of the sacred pitcher is the largest public gathering and collective act of faith, anywhere in the world. This Hindu pilgrimage Kumbh Mela is celebrated four times over a course of 12 years over four locations in India. The site of Kumbh Mela keeps rotating between one of the four pilgrimages on four sacred rivers as listed below:
- Haridwar on the Ganges in Uttarakhand
- Ujjain on the Shipra in Madhya Pradesh
- Nashik on the Godavari in Maharashtra
- Prayagraj at the confluence of the Ganges, the Yamuna, and the mythical Sarasvati in Uttar Pradesh.
The Kumbh Mela has been inscribed on the list of “Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity” by UNESCO in 2017.
Mythological Significance of Kumbh Mela
The origin of Kumbh Mela Can be traced to the works of the 8th-century philosopher Shankaracharya. The founding myth of the Kumbh Mela points out to the Puranas which recounts how Gods and demons fought over the sacred pitcher (Kumbh) of Amrit (nectar of immortality).
It is widely believed that Lord Vishnu disguised as the enchantress Mohini whisked the Kumbh out of the grasp of the demons who had tried to claim it. As he took it heavenwards, a few drops of the precious nectar fell on the four sacred sites of Haridwar, Ujjain, Nashik and Prayag.
The flight and the following pursuit is said to have lasted twelve divine days which are equivalent to twelve human years. Therefore the Kumbh Mela is celebrated every twelve years staggered at each of the four sacred sites in this cycle.
Tags: Ganga • Godavari • Haridwar • Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity • Kumbha Mela • Madhya Pradesh • Maharashtra • Nashik • Prayagraj • Prayagraj Kumbh Mela 2019 • Saraswati • Shankaracharya • Shipra • Ujjain • UNESCO • Uttar Pradesh • Uttarakhand • Yamuna
Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone for AK-47 rifles manufacturing unit at Amethi of Uttar Pradesh. On the occasion of laying foundation stone PM thanked Russian President Vladimir Putin for making the venture possible in such a short time.
The message of the Russian President Vladimir Putin read out by Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on the occasion.
AK-47 Rifle Manufacturing Unit
- The rifles will be manufactures at Amethi as a joint venture between India and Russia.
- At Amethi Manufacturing facility, world-famous Kalashnikov assault rifles of the newest 200 series would be manufactured.
- This unit envisions full localisation of production over a period of time.
- This new Kalashnikov assault rifles will fulfil the needs of national security agencies in this category of small arms, resting upon advanced Russian technologies.
- The agreement for the joint venture was reached during the visit of President Putin to India last October.
- The rifle manufacturing unit at Amethi symbolises the military and technical cooperation between India and Russia which has been the key areas of the strategic partnership between Russia and India.
Kalashnikov Rifles also known as AK-47 rifles is 7.62×39mm assault rifle, developed in the Soviet Union by Mikhail Kalashnikov. The rifles were officially accepted to the Soviet Armed Forces in the year 1949.
Even after seven decades, the model and its variants remain the most popular and widely used assault rifles in the world because of their substantial reliability under harsh conditions, low production costs compared to contemporary Western weapons, availability in virtually every geographic region and ease of use.