Uzbekistan Current Affairs
The 2016 Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) summit started in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. The 2-day meeting of heads of state of SCO is being conducted under the presidency of Uzbekistan.
- During the summit, the issues related to strengthen stability and security in Central Asia will be undertaken.
- It will also take into consideration the expansion of SCO’s contacts with other international organization and states.
- It will also seek wide involvement of the SCO observer states and dialogue partners in practical cooperation within the organization will be discussed.
- In it, India and Pakistan will sign a memorandum of obligation for obtaining SCO member states status.
About Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)
- SCO is a Eurasian economic, political and military organisation. Its aim is jointly preserving and safeguarding regional peace, security and stability and also establishing a democratic, fair and rational new international political and economic order.
- Headquarters: Beijing, China.
- Established: 2001 in Shanghai by the leaders 6 countries viz. China, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.
- It is an outcome of The Shanghai Five grouping established in 1996 by Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan.
- SCO’s first enlargement was in 2001 with addition of Uzbekistan and second enlargement was in July 2015 with addition of 2 new members India and Pakistan.
- Presently, it has four observers Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran and Mongolia.
- Since 2005, India was having an Observer status of SCO and had applied for full membership in 2014.
India and Uzbekistan have inked pacts to boost cooperation between their foreign offices and in the field of culture and tourism.
The agreements were signed after Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his counterpart Islam Karimov, Uzbekistan President had talks on key bilateral and regional issues.
This visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi was part of his first leg of strategic tour to 5 Central Asian countries (Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan) and Russia.
Both nations discussed on following issues
- Economic and Strategic ties: Enhance strategic, economic and energy ties along with reviewing key regional issues including the situation in Afghanistan.
- Joint Working Group on Counter Terrorism: To intensify security cooperation and exchanges for combating terrorism, promoting regional integration and advancing stability in the region.
- Defence and cyber security: Enhance cooperation in the fields of defence and cyber-security.
- Uranium supply contract: Implement the contract which was signed in 2014 for supply of 2,000 metric tonnes of the Uranium from mineral-rich Uzbekistan to India.
- Strengthening cooperation: In the areas of information technology, agriculture and energy.
- International North South Transport Corridor (INSTC): India asked Uzbekistan to be part of INSTC similar to Ashgabat Agreement which is s a transit pact between Uzbekistan, Iran, Turkmenistan and Oman established in 2011.
- It should be noted that INSTC is a ship, road and rail route for moving freight between India, Iran, Russia, Europe and Central Asia.