Vector borne diseases Current Affairs - 2020

Health Ministry launches Jan Jagrukta Abhiyaan in New Delhi

Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) have launched a 3 day special campaign called Jan Jagrukta Abhiyaan in New Delhi. It is a campaign aimed towards sensitizing and mobilising community for prevention and control of vector borne diseases (VBDs) such as Dengue, Chikungunya and Malaria. The 3 day campaign will be held from 17 to 19 July 2019 in New Delhi.

About Jan Jagrukta Abhiyaan

Objective: To make community a partner for checking vector/mosquito breeding across Delhi.

Need: As per data compiled by Health ministry shows that till 30 June 2019at least 8,058 positive dengue cases with 8 deaths, 14404 chikungunya cases have been reported from across country. Also a total of 66,313 Malaria cases have also been reported across country till 31 May 2019.

JJA is going to be a Peoples Movement by active involvement of people’s representatives, officers from Centre Government, Government of NCT Delhi, all 3 Delhi Municipal Corporations, NDMC, Railways and Cantonment board and other stakeholders to combat dengue, malaria and chikungunya.

For 1st time 3 governments agencies- national, state and local bodies have come together to create awareness amongst people for a public health activity.

Strategy Followed:

A total of 286 ward-wise teams i.e. 272 Municipal wards and 14 locations of NDMC (New Delhi Municipal Council) have been constituted with 20-25 members per team.

Each ward team includes field workers of Municipal Corporation, officers of Central Government and Delhi Government.

The concerned Malaria circle incharge will coordinate and teams will visit schools, residential areas, hospitals, Resident Welfare Association (RWA), market associations etc.

Activities Undertaken:

Schools– Team will meet Head of Institution/Principal, teachers and staff including nodal teacher and sensitise them towards keeping school premises free of vectors, will address school children explaining methods for prevention of VBDs, demonstrate larvae and adults of vector mosquito, distribute handbills and other communication material and check school premises, eliminate breeding habitat if any.

Hospitals: Team will meet Medical Superintendent/Nodal Officer/Caretaker and sensitize them followed by health talk on prevention and control of VBDs. The team will also place Information, Education and Communication (IEC) materials with messages on prevention and control of VBDs at strategic locations and interact with patients and accompanied person. Team will check hospitals premises for breeding of vector mosquito, eliminate breeding habitat if any.

Similarly, teams will also meet members of RWA and community and undertake awareness activities with them.

Wherever needed larvicide will be applied by team.

UP launches Dastak Campaign to eradicate AES & JE

Uttar Pradesh government has launched a massive campaign called ‘Dastak’ to eradicate deadly Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) and Japanese Encephalitis (JE) disease.

About Dastak Campaign

It is a state-wide campaign against communicative diseases which will run from 1st to 31st July 2019. It is started by UP Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath.

This campaign is part of a comprehensive Social and Behaviour Change Communication (SBCC) strategy embraced by state government.

Background: In 2018, UP government started ‘Dastak’ campaign in association with UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Fund) to control encephalitis and other vector-borne diseases. As part of campaign, entire state machinery with help of UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Fund) went door to door in 38 districts affected by JE and AES. The state government claimed that campaign has improved health conditions and fatality rate due to AES and JE dripped since then.

Procedure: Under it teams will go door to door in every village of state’s 75 districts to create awareness about communicable diseases as well as Acute Encephalitis Syndrome and Japanese Encephalitis. The districts sensitive for the vector-borne diseases such as encephalitis, dengue, kalaazar, malaria, chickungunya, etc. are already marked.

Department Involved: In this large scale campaign, many state departments such as health, primary education, rural development, will work together to spread awareness about diseases through mass media communication.

Mandate: The campaign will ensure availability of clean drinking water, initiate sanitation drive. It will also ensure vaccination and early treatment so that disease should be nipped in bud.