Venezuela Current Affairs - 2020

20th June: World Refugee Day

To honor refugees across the globe, the United Nations designated 20th June to be observed as World Refugee Day in its Resolution 55/76 on  4th December 2000. The first World Refugee Day was observed on 20th June 2001.

The theme of 2020 World Refugee Day: Every Action Counts

This year’s theme is to remind the citizens of each and every nation across the globe that at a time of a pandemic, anyone from the society can make a change. A small effort made by an individual or an organization can make a lot of difference in the overall global efforts to make the world a much more inclusive for all.

Significance

As per United Nations data, 20 people in every 1 minute are forced to flee from their home in order to escape terror, war and conflicts. By the end of 2019, there is a total estimate of 79.5 million people who were displaced forcibly in the world.

Despite all the plight, the courage and resilience that are shown by refugees across the globe are being celebrated today in order to further strengthen them and make them realize that not only they will survive, but also thrive towards achieving their rights and dreams.

For this, the governments across the globe are made to realize their duties on this date to protect and support the refugees.

Apart from conflicts and terror, today the world also has many refugees who were forced to leave their homes due to natural disasters such as Tsunami, Earthquake, Floods, etc.

Stats related to Refugees:

As per 2019 United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC), 68% of the refugees in the world are from countries Syria (6.6 million refugees), Venezuela (3.7 million refugees), Afghanistan (2.7 million), South Sudan (2.2 million) and Myanmar (1.1 million).

Of the total 79.5 million refugees across the globe as in 2019, 26 million are under the age of 18.

NAM Ministerial Meeting held in Caracas, Venezuela

Ministerial meeting of Coordinating Bureau of Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) was held in Caracas, capital of Venezuela. Theme for 2019 Meet was- Promotion and Consolidation of Peace through Respect for International Law.

Since 2016 Venezuela has held the presidency of NAM which will now be passed on to Azerbaijan in October 2019.

Key Highlights

At NAM Ministerial Meeting 2019, India was represented by Indian envoy to United Nations Syed Akbaruddin.

Issues raised by India at NAM Meet included- Climate change, Digital Technologies and Terrorism.

India highlighted that Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) needs to be re-examined and revise its methodology. It also emphasized that the grouping needs to undertake a new journey.

India also slammed Pakistan for raking up Kashmir at grouping’s ministerial meet. India held its stand that NAM never was and can never be a platform for pursuits aimed at undermining territorial integrity of a State by another State.

About Non-Aligned Movement

Background: It was established in Belgrade in 1961 during Cold War so as to unite developing countries that are not part of any collective defense pacts in interest of any major power. It was a joint initiative of former Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Yugoslav President Josip Broz Tito. It was formed in wake of decolonization processes in Africa, Asia and other parts of world around values of independence, sovereignty, equality and territorial integrity.

It is forum comprising of developing states that are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.

It is the 2nd largest international organization after United Nations (UN) with 120 member states.

Membership: 120 member states; 17 states (observers); 10 International Organisations