Vesak Current Affairs - 2019
Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link
Buddha Purnima also known as Vaishak Purnima is the birth anniversary of Gautama Buddha (or Lord Buddha). 18 May 2019 witnessed the 2,563rd birth anniversary of the Buddha and is being celebrated across the world.
About Buddha Purnima
- Background: Buddha Purnima festival is traditionally celebrated to commemorate birth of Siddhartha Gautama, who later became Gautama Buddha and founded Buddhism. People celebrate Siddhartha’s (a king by birth) choice to embrace a spiritual quest when he witnessed the suffering of common people which inspired him to let go of his royal life. He then renounced all worldly pleasures and became a holy man.
- It is celebrated every year on the full moon day (known as Purnima), in month of Vaishakha, according to Hindu Lunar calendar.
- Reason: It is also celebrated as Vesak in South and Southeast Asia. The day commemorates birth, death as well as enlightenment of Lord Buddha, all of which is said to have taken place on same day. It is after this enlightenment that later Siddhartha earned the title Buddha which means ‘The Enlightened One’.
- Significance: Celebrating Buddha Purnima is all about praying with purest of feelings, and adopting what Buddhism stand for which is peace, harmony and non-violence.
- Nepal: is considered as Buddha’s birth country. He was born in Lumbini (now in modern-day Nepal). There Buddha Purnima day is celebrated on full moon day of Vaisakha month in accordance to Buddhist calendar.
- Southeast Asian Nations: celebrate day during Vaisakha month of Buddhist and Hindu calendar, which is generally the month of April or May according to Gregorian calendar.
- On this day, Countries all over world such as Malaysia, Thailand, Sri Lanka, South Vietnam, Myanmar, China, Cambodia, Singapore, Indonesia, Taiwan, Australia,
- Canada, United States (US) celebrate the essence of Buddhism. It is public holiday in many countries, and is celebrated by commemorating different ethnicities and cultures.
- It is celebrated by paying a visit to common Viharas (monastery for Buddhists), where Buddhists observe a longer than usual and full-length Buddhist sutra (or suttas), which is similar to a service.
17 May: Vesak Day
- On 17 May 2019 United Nation (UN) observed “Vesak”, the Day of the Full Moon in month of May.
- In 1999, the UN General Assembly (UNGA), by its resolution 54/115, recognized internationally Day of Vesak, to acknowledge contribution of Buddhism in world.
Tags: 2 • 563rd birth anniversary • Buddha Purnima • Buddhism • Gautama Buddha • Gregorian calendar • Hindu calendar • Lumbini • resolution 54/115 • UN General Assembly • United Nation • Vaishak Purnima • Vesak
Vice President of India M. Venkaiah Naidu commenced his four-day official visit to Vietnam on 9 May 2019. His visit comes after a series of high-level exchanges between India-Vietnam in 2018 which include visit of Vietnamese Prime Minister in January and President in March to India.
Key Highlights of Visit
- The Vice President will participate in 16th United Nations Day of Vesak (UNDV) at Tam Chuc pagoda in northern Ha Nam province of Vietnam. He will also deliver keynote address at inaugural session of event, themed for which is “Buddhist Approach to Global Leadership and Shared Responsibilities for Sustainable Societies”.
- This visit is expected to enhance India’s Comprehensive Strategic Partnership with Southeast Asian nation, Vietnam.
- He will visit Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, to pay homage to Former Prime Minister (and also President) of Vietnam.
- He will meet Indian community and Vietnamese beneficiaries of ‘Jaipur Foot Artificial Limb Fitment Camp’ organized in 2018 by India under ‘India for Humanity’ initiative. It was launched to commemorate 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
- He will pay tributes to martyrs at National Monument of Heroes and Martyrs (Vietnam’s War Memorial).
- He will also meet Nguyen Kim Thi Ngan, Chairperson of National Assembly of Vietnam (Vietnam’s Legislative Assembly).
- He will interact with Dang Thi Ngoc Thinh, Vice President of Vietnam and hold delegation level talks.
- High level talks will discuss issues including: trade and investment relations between two nation, exploring opportunities in oil and gas sectors, giving better market access to India’s exports, mutual cooperation in defence and space technologies, training and capacity building of Vietnamese defence forces, seeking support for Indian Pharmaceutical facilities in Vietnam and strengthening of cultural bonds between two nations.
About 16th United Nations Day of Vesak
- Vesak (also known as Buddha Jayanti or Buddha Purnima) is celebrated to commemorate birth of Lord Buddha, his attainment of enlightenment (nirvana) and his passing away. It’s date changes every year based on lunar calendar.
- It is considered sacred to Buddhists.
- Indian Vice President’s participation at event is expected to strengthen ties between India and Buddhist communities worldwide.
It is expected to be attended by more than 10,000 Buddhist followers, 1,500 religious dignitaries, scientists and researchers from all over the world.
Tags: 16th United Nations Day of Vesak • Buddha Jayanti • Buddha Purnima • India for Humanity initiative • India-Vietnam • Jaipur Foot Artificial Limb Fitment Camp • M Venkaiah Naidu • National Monument of Heroes and Martyrs • Nguyen Kim Thi Ngan • UNDV • Vesak • Vice President of India • Vietnam’s War Memorial