Vice President Current Affairs - 2019
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January 30 is celebrated as Martyrs Day to honour the brave martyrs of India who have sacrificed their lives for the country.
Why January 30 is celebrated as Martyrs Day?
January 30 marks the death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. On January 30, 1948, at the age of 78, Mahatma Gandhiji, Father of the Nation was assassinated by Nathuram Godse.
There were warnings about life threats to Gandhiji, Gandhiji refused to toe the government’s stand that he required security. Gandhiji threatened to leave Delhi if protection was thrust upon him. His associates cite that had he accepted security his assassination could have been averted.
How it is celebrated?
On the occasion of Martyrs Day, the President, the Vice President, the Prime Minister, the Defence Minister, and the three Service Chiefs gather at the Gandhiji’s samadhi at Raj Ghat memorial and lay wreaths. Bugles are blown sounding the Last Post. A two-minute silence in memory of Indian martyrs is observed across the country at 11 AM and participants hold all-religion prayers and sing tributes in the honour of Martyrs.
March 23 which is the death anniversary of Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar is also celebrated as Martyrs Day in the State of Punjab.
Tags: Assassination of Gandhiji • Bhagat Singh • Mahatma Gandhi • Martyrs • Martyrs Day • Nathuram Godse • Partition Of India • President • Prime Minister • Raj Ghat • Shivaram Rajguru • Sukhdev Thapar • Union Defence Minister • Vice President
Former Union Minister M Venkaiah Naidu was sworn in as 13th Vice President of India. He was administered the oath of office by President Ram Nath Kovind at a special function at Rashtrapati Bhavan.
After the swearing in he took charge as the Chairman of Rajya Sabha. He also chaired the proceedings of the Upper House. He was elected as the Vice President after defeating opposition candidate Gopal Krishna Gandhi.
About M Venkaiah Naidu
Muppavarapu Venkaiah Naidu was born on 1st July 1949 at Chavatapalem, in Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh. He acquired his bachelor’s degree in law with specialisation in international law from Andhra University, Visakhapatnam.
He was elected as the president of the students union of colleges affiliated to his University and joined RSS and ABVP during his college days. He came into spotlight for his prominent role in the Jai Andhra Movement and for his contribution in Jayaprakash Narayan Chhatra Sangharsh Samiti.
He has held several positions and carried his successful political career during his three decade long public life. He has served as national president of BJP (2002 to 2004). In the Atal Bihari Vajpayee Government he was the Union Cabinet Minister for Rural Development.
In present Narendra Modi led government he had served as the Minister of Housing and Urban Affairs, Parliamentary Affairs and Information and Broadcasting. Before getting elected as Vice President, he had held several positions and carried his successful political career during his three decades in public life.
About office of Vice President
The officer of Vice-President is second highest public office in India. It is second highest constitutional post of the country after President. Practically, office of Vice President has been created to provide political continuity of the Indian state. His main function is in the form of ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha. He works as acting President when President is not available.