Vienna Current Affairs - 2020
India’s Jagjit Pavadia was re-elected to International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) for another five-year term beginning 2nd March, 2020. This victory has added to India’s successful record of winning crucial elections at United Nation (UN) and to UN’s subsidiary bodies.
About Jagjit Pavadia
- She has been member of INCB since 2015 and her current term will expire in 2020.
- She has held many senior positions in Indian Revenue Service (IRS) for 35 years in Government of India (GoI), which includes Narcotics Commissioner of India, Central Bureau of Narcotics (regulated by India’s Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs, Ministry of Finance).
- It is an independent and quasi-judicial monitoring body.
- Function: It implements UN’s international drug control conventions.
- It was established in 1968 in accordance with Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961 by merging ‘Permanent Central Narcotics Board’ (created in 1925 by International Opium Convention) and ‘Drug Supervisory Body’ (created in 1931 by Convention for Limiting the Manufacture and Regulating Distribution of Narcotic Drugs).
- Members: It has 13 members (they may be re-elected). Each member is elected by Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) for a period of five years. The 10 members out of 13 are elected from list of persons nominated by Governments and remaining 3 are elected from persons nominated by World Health Organization (WHO) for their medical, pharmacological or pharmaceutical experience.
- Secretariat: is located at Vienna, Austria. It is an administrative entity of UN Office on Drugs and Crime. It assists INCB in exercise of its treaty-related functions but reports only to Board on matters of substance.
Tags: Austria • Central Bureau of Narcotics • Drug Supervisory Body • Economic and Social Council • ECOSOC
The Quality of Living Index 2019 was released by the Consulting Agency Mercer. The index was based on the data analysed between September and November 2018. The index ranks 231 cities.
Quality of Living Index 2019
- Austrian capital Vienna tops the Mercer’s index of most liveable cities for the 10th year in a row.
- Vienna was closely followed by Zurich in Switzerland. Auckland, Munich, and Vancouver came in joint third.
- San Francisco with the ranking of 34 was named the best city to live in in the U.S.
- London with a ranking of 41st was the best city in the UK on Mercer’s scale.
- Singapore with a ranking of 25th has held onto its status as Asia’s most livable city.
- Uruguay’s capital Montevideo was the highest ranked city in South America.
- Port Louis, Mauritius, was Africa’s top city.
- Baghdad ranked last, followed by Bangui in the Central African Republic and Yemen’s capital Sanaa.
Indian Cities in the List
- Hyderabad and Pune topped the list among the Indian cities with a rank of 143.
- Bengaluru was the second best with the ranking of 149.
- Mumbai with the ranking of 154 stood third among Indian cities.
- The capital of India, New Delhi ranked at 162 in Mercer’s Quality Of Living Index.
The index is based on 39 factors such as access to public transport and traffic congestion levels, availability of housing and international schools city’s cultural scene which are grouped under 10 heads like “political and social environment”, “recreation”.