Vijaya Bank Current Affairs - 2019
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It is expected the contours for the amalgamation of Bank of Baroda (BoB), Vijaya Bank and Dena Bank would be finalised soon and it would be placed before the parliament for approval in the ongoing winter session. The decision of amalgamation was taken by the Alternative Mechanism’ (AM) headed by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley, which included Railways Minister Piyush Goyal and Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman. The government has already set aside the funds to facilitate the amalgamation.
New Big Bank
The new entity from the amalgamation will have a combined business of Rs 14.82 lakh crore, making it the third largest bank after SBI and ICICI Bank.
The net NPA ratio of the new entity will be at 5.71 per cent. This is significantly better than the public sector bank (PSB) average of 12.13 per cent.
The Provision Coverage Ratio (PCR) would be better at 67.5 per cent against the average of 63.7 per cent and cost to income ratio would come down to 48.94 per cent as compared to average 53.92 per cent.
Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR) at 12.25 per cent will be significantly above the regulatory requirement of 10.87 per cent.
Net NPA Ratio
Net NPA Ratio is an indicator of the overall quality of the bank’s loan book. Net NPA ratio is the ratio of Net NPA to loans given.
Provision Coverage Ratio (PCR)
Provision Coverage Ratio refers to the prescribed percentage of funds to be set aside by banks for covering prospective losses due to bad loans.
Cost to Income Ratio
Cost to Income Ratio is an important parameter to determine the profitability of the banks. It is calculated by the dividing the operating expenses of the bank by the net income of the bank (Interest Income + other Income).
Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR)
Capital Adequacy ratio is the measure of the bank’s available capital. It is expressed as a ratio of a percentage of a bank’s risk-weighted credit exposures.
Union Finance Ministry announced proposal for amalgamation of three public sector banks- Bank of Baroda, Dena Bank and Vijaya Bank. The combined entity after consolidation will create India’s third largest bank. Post this merger, number of PSU banks will come down to 19 from 21, accounting for more than two-thirds of banking assets in the country.
This was second major banking sector consolidation in recent year after merger of five associate banks of State Bank of India with itself. The amalgamation will be through share swap which will be part of scheme of merger. The proposal will now need approval of boards of these individual banks. This amalgamation will particularly help Dena Bank, the weakest of the three which is currently under Reserve Bank of India’s Prompt Corrective Action (PCA) framework and has been barred from extending fresh loans.
The merger of three PSBs will help create strong globally competitive bank with economies of scale. It will enable realisation of synergies for networks, low-cost deposits and subsidiaries of these three PSBs. The merger will result in substantial rise in customer base, operational efficiency, market reach and wider bouquet of products and services. The merged entity will have better financial strength and will place all three banks on Finacle Core Banking Solution (CBS), a platform that helps banks enhance agility and efficiency of operations, while significantly improving customer experience across channels. The merger of these three banks will have no adverse impact on employees and customers of individual banks.
Key Features of merged entity
- Net non-performing assets (NPA) ratio: The amalgamated entity will have net NPA ratio of 5.71% as against 11.04% of Dena Bank, 5.40% for Bank of Baroda and 4.10% for Vijaya Bank.
- Provision coverage of amalgamated entity will have 67.5%, higher than PSB average of 63.7% and it will have a total of 9,489 branches across the country.
- Cost to income ratio of amalgamated entity is estimated at 48.94%, better than PSB average of 53.92%.
- Capital Adequacy Ratio of amalgamated entity is estimated at 12.25%, higher than regulatory requirement.
The merger of these three state-owned banks was part of government’s agenda of consolidation of PSBs. It was proposed by Alternative Mechanism comprising Chairperson Arun Jaitley. Under it, government did not want merger of weak banks and has therefore suggested idea of amalgamating one weak bank and two strong banks, in order to create entity which is able to increase banking operations. This also indicates approach that government may deploy in future consolidation.