virus Current Affairs - 2020

Anti-Microbial Coating Technology approved by DST

The Department of Science and Technology recently approved anti-microbial coating developed by Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR).

What is Anti-Microbial Coating

The anti-microbial coating can be applied or fabricated into surfaces such as textiles, plastics, etc. The coating kills the microbes as they come in contact to it. This includes fungus, bacteria, viruses like influenza virus, COVID-19, etc. The technology is first of its kind.

Significance

The coating is to be used in PPEs (Personal Protection Equipment) such as gowns, face shields, gloves used by health care personnel.

Benefits

The Compound developed through the technology is soluble in several solvents such as plastics, textiles, PVC, polystyrene, polyurethane. This eases the use of the compound.  The coating kills the microbes within 30 minutes of contact. The microbes get killed as the coating disrupts the membranes of the pathogens.

The technology adopted to prepare the compound is simple and hence less time consuming. It involves three to four steps with easy purification processes.

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GoI launches 5 research projects to mitigate the spread of COVID-19

On April 3, 2020, the Government of India launched 5 research projects in order to control the spread of COVID-19. The projects neither focus on vaccines nor on medicines. GoI has been very clear and has also announced earlier that it is currently not into developing medicine for COVID-19. Rather the first priority is to mitigate the spread. The research projects were selected based on this plan.

The projects are to be supervised by the Department of Science and Technology

Project 1

The first project aims to search the metabolite biomarker signature for the virus. These markers will help in capturing the activities of the cell or an organism infected with the virus. This knowledge is base for developing potential drug for the vaccines

Project 2

The second project is to develop viricidal coatings that shall be used in surgical masks to prevent the spread of highly contagious viruses such as SARS, COVID-19, etc.

Project 3

The third project is to develop antiviral surface coatings to help prevent the spread of infections caused by influenza virus. The aim is to develop polymeric compounds that will be coated upon surfaces and will kill the viruses completely upon contact.

Project 4

The fourth project is to develop a material which when applied over surfaces will remove viruses and bacteria adhering to it.

Project 5

The fifth project is to develop antibody-based capture of COVID-19 and inactivate it using lipid based gel.

Intensification of Research in High Priority Areas Scheme

The projects have been launched under IRPHA scheme. The scheme is implemented by SERB, Science and Engineering Research Board. SERB operated under Department of Science and Technology. Apart from these 5 projects small projects like data driven approach to contain the spread of the virus is also being launched.

 

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