Vulnerable Current Affairs - 2020

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The First United Nations Biodiversity Summit CMS COP-13 in India: 3 Migratory Mammals Targeted

India is all set to host the fist Biodiversity Summit of the United Nations. It is to be inaugurated by PM Modi in Gandhi Nagar, Gujarat on February 17, 2020. The CMS COP-13, Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species Conference of Parties-13 is the only convention on migratory species.


The Agenda of the convention includes proposals on infrastructure of migratory mammals. The migratory mammals to be focused in the summit includes Gobi bear, Persian Leopard and Urial. The summit will also provide Biodiversity conservation to Ganges river Dolphins, great Indian Bustard and Asian Elephants.

Gobi Bear

The Gobi Bear is a sub species of Brown Bear. It is found in Gobi-desert of Mongolia. As far 2009, there were only 30 adult Gobi Bears in the desert. The IUCN Red List categorizes Gobi Bear under Critically Endangered.

Persian Leopard

The Persian Leopards are found in Iran, Afghanistan and central Asia. The IUCN Red List categorizes them as Endangered. As of 2008, only 871 mature Persian Leopards were recorded. They are threatened by poaching and illegal hunting.


Urials are wild sheep. They are found in western and Central Asia, that is, in Kazakhstan, Pakistan and India. The IUCN Red List categorizes them as Vulnerable.

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The Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2020 approved by Cabinet

On January 29, 2020, the Union Cabinet approved Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2020. The bill aims to amend the Medical Termination of Pregnancy act, 1971. The bill is to be introduced in the coming session of Parliament


According to the proposal, termination of pregnancy is to be extended to 24 weeks. It was 20 weeks earlier. The extension is only for special category of women. It includes rape victims, survivors of rape and other vulnerable women like differently-abled women.


The bill is a step towards increasing access of women to safe abortion services. The months have been increased considering the advancements in medical technology. The amendments were proposed by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

First Legalization of Abortion

In India the Shah Committee was appointed to review the socio-cultural and medical aspects of abortion. It was this committee that recommended legalization of abortion for the first time.

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