WADA Current Affairs - 2020

Wrestler Narsingh Yadav banned for four years by Court of Arbitration for Sport

Indian wrestler Narsingh Yadav was banned from all competitive sporting events for four years by the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) based in Lausanne, Switzerland.

He was banned by CAS following an appeal by World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) as there was no evidence to accept his claim that his food was spiked by banned doping substance.

With CAS ruling, Yadav’s suspension begins immediately and he will not be able to participate in the 2016 Rio Olympics. He had qualified for the 2016 Rio Olympics in the 74 category of freestyle wrestling event.

Background

  • In July 2016, Narsingh Yadav had tested positive for banned substance steroid in an out-of-competition test conducted by the National Anti-Doping Agency (NADA).
  • He had tested positive for methandienone, a banned anabolic steroid which increases protein synthesis, muscle strength and glycogenolysis over a short space of time.
  • In August 2016 he was given clean chit by NADA by accepted his claim of sabotage in doping case.
  • However, WADA had filed an urgent application before the CAS ad hoc Division to challenge the decision of NADA.

About Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS)

  • CAS is an international quasi-judicial body established to settle disputes related to sport through arbitration.
  • Its Headquarter is located in Lausanne (Switzerland). Its courts are located in New York, Sydney and Lausanne.
  • According to rule 61 of the Olympic Charter, all disputes in connection with the Olympic Games can only be submitted to CAS.
  • Since 2016, an anti-doping division of CAS was given full authority to judge doping cases at the Olympic Games. It had replaced earlier mechanism of the IOC disciplinary commission.

UN suspends Maria Sharapova as Goodwill Ambassador after doping allegations

The United Nations (UN) has suspended Russian tennis player Maria Sharapova as Goodwill Ambassador of the organisation after she was tested positive on doping allegations.

She was suspended by New York based UN Development Programme (UNDP) until the outcome of the investigation into her case is known.

However, UNDP has mentioned that they are grateful to Maria Sharapova for her support to their work, especially around the Chernobyl nuclear disaster recovery.

Earlier in March 2016, the five times Grand Slam champion and the highest-paid female athlete Maria Sharapova had announced that she tested positive for a drug called meldonium, at the Australian Open earlier in January 2016.

What is Meldonium?

  • Meldonium also known as Mildronate is a medical drug given to patients suffering from heart and circulatory conditions for enhancing their physical capacity and mental function.
  • Its use mainly leads to production more red blood cells (RBCs) in the body in order to increase oxygen supply to muscles for enhancing endurance.
  • World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) had added the drug to the Prohibited List of 2016.
  • It was added to prohibited list because its illegal use by athletes with the intention of enhancing their performance which violates the fair spirit of sport.