WANA Region Current Affairs - 2019
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The meeting of BRICS Representatives in charge of security was held in New Delhi, India. It was hosted National Security Adviser (NSA) Ajit Doval.
The meeting was attended by representatives in charge of security of BRICS nations viz. Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.
- BRICS nations underscored the demand for an international legal order to deal with the threat of terrorism.
- They agreed to intensify cooperation against terror groups like the Islamic State in West Asia and North Africa region (WANA).
- Highlighted the growing demand for “peace building” in the violence-torn region and focused on finding a political solution to the “outstanding issues” in the WANA region.
- Discuss counter-terrorism, energy security, cyber-security as well as other international and regional issues of common interest.
- China wants BRICS countries to play a bigger role in international and regional security issues, step up cooperation and coordination on major issues concerning security and contribute to peace, prosperity and stability of the world.
About West Asia North Africa (WANA) region
- The WANA region is characterized by high population growth, low and erratic rainfall, limited arable land, and severely limited water resources.
- It comprises 27 countries with almost 600 million inhabitants with Morocco in west, Pakistan and Afghanistan in east, Turkey in north, and Ethiopia and Sudan in south.
- The region has been at conflict since the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and notably after the creation of Israel.
- Besides this region has seen rise of terrorism, Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Iran-Saudi Arabia proxy conflict, conflict between Arabs and Berbers.
- It also has achieved its highest peaks at the 21st century in terms of security scenario such as US intervention of Iraq in 2003, rise of IS, Arab Spring that spread civil wars like situations in the whole region such as Syrian Civil War, Libyan Civil War, Iraq War and Yemeni Civil War.