Waste Management Current Affairs - 2019

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October 7: World Habitat Day

The World Habitat Day is organized by the United Nations. The organization has designated the first Monday of every October to commemorate the day.

Theme: Frontier Technologies as an innovative tool to transform waste to wealth.

The theme is built based on last year’s theme “Municipal Solid Waste Management”.

The focus of this year World Habitat Day (WHD) is to promote contribution of FRONTIER TECHNOLOGIES towards sustainable waste management that helps to achieve SDG 11.

The SDGS 11 is about building inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable cities.

Highlights

  • The 2019 WHD is to be observed in Mexico

Significance of Frontier Technologies

  • The Frontier technologies include robotics, automation, renewable energy technologies, Artificial Intelligence and bio technologies. Some of the top frontier technologies are Big Data Analysis, Sustainable polymers, Internet of Things, Artificial Intelligence, 3D printing, Nanotechnology, renewable energy technologies, drones and customized satellites.
  • They are technologies that offer potential for cheaper, faster, scalable and easy to use solutions for every day problems. It includes waste management as well.

Significance of the WHD

  • The world’s cities produce 7 to 10 billion tons of waster per year.
  • Low income countries spend around 20% of their budget on waste management. In most of the countries this allocated budget is not sufficient to finance waste and sanitation management systems.
  • In most of the urban areas of developing countries, around 16% of urban dwellers lack access to basic sanitation services.

The lack of waste management has led to air, soil and water pollution that in turn threaten public health. Another biggest challenge is dumping of waste in the oceans. The plastics from these wastes are killing around 100,000 marine animals annually.

The SDG goals 6, 11, 12 and 14  and the Paris Agreement all focus on waste management and considers it as an urgent and issue to be addressed.

How can Frontier technologies help?

  • The use of sustainable polymers reduces waste generation and also reduces the need of recyclable wastes
  • The technology of 3D printing has the potential of creating less waste during production.
  • Smart bins using AI can help in garbage sorting.

UN Habitat Strategic Plan 2020 – 2023

The plan reinforces all the global agendas on waste management. Under the plan the UN is to focus on Frontier Technologies that help in safe, resilient, sustainable and smart cities.

India’s First Garbage Café to open in Chhattisgarh

India’s first ‘Garbage Café’ will soon be opened in Ambikapur city in north Chhattisgarh. It is initiative of Ambikapur municipal corporation. It aims to make Ambikar city plastic-free.

India’s first ‘Garbage Café

In this unique Café, poor people and rag pickers will get free food in exchange for one kilogram of plastic. Besides they will also provided with breakfast in return for exchanging half a kilogram of plastic brought to the cafe. The collected garbage through this café will be sold at Solid Liquid Resources Management Centre. It will be further be turned into granules and will then be used in the construction of roads in the city.

Ambikapur City and Waste management

It is Chhattisgarh’s first dustbin-free city. It has efficient solid waste management system.

It has been hailed as second cleanest city in the country in Swachhata rankings after Indore.

It also has road made with plastic granules and asphalt. 1st such road in Chattisgarh was made in the city by mixing eight lakh plastic bags. The road constructed by mixing plastic and asphalt is durable, because water does permeate through it.

The opening of garbage cafe is another step towards the city’s aim to become free from plastic waste.

The Self Help Groups (SHGs) of women are involved in door to door collection of waste.