Water Conservation Current Affairs - 2019
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Meghalaya became 1st state in India to ensure conservation of water and have its own State Water Policy. This move comes following a nod given by State Cabinet for the purpose.
The draft policy was approved by Meghalaya’s State Cabinet in a meeting chaired by state’s Chief Minister Conrad K. Sangma.
Amid water crisis in country, this draft water policy of Meghalaya would work towards addressing water issues, conservation, and protection of water sources in state.
About ‘State Water Policy’ of Meghalaya
- To recognize water resources as a common pool resource (CPR) as these are susceptible to overuse
- To provide safe and hygienic water for drinking, domestic needs and sanitation
- Livelihood development to all residents of state
Community Participation: Among other things, draft State Water Policy of Meghalaya seeks to protect and improve management of water resources while actively involving community participation.
Policy intends to achieve sustainable development, management and use of water resources with help of community participation. This will help improve health and livelihood as well as reduce vulnerability among people.
At village level committees will be formed and issue of groundwater will also be catered by this policy. Also, state department will also monitor quality of the water to check if it has a high Iron content or if it’s acidic.
Protecting Catchment Areas: Policy also seeks to ensure protection and conservation of catchment areas of all water sources in state so as to prevent degradation of quantity and quality of water sources. It also outlines issue of river pollution.
Implementation: For the purpose of implementation of the policy via active participation of the community a Water Sanitation Village Council at the village level would be constituted.
This policy would go long way in changing mindset of people and proper utilization of water.
It will also assure of good governance for present and future generations via Integrated Water Resources Management and Environmental Sustainability
Tags: Catchment Areas • Common Pool Resource • Conrad K. Sangma • Environmental Sustainability • Integrated Water Resources Management • Meghalaya • State Water Policy • Water Conservation • Water Pollution
On 12 July 2019, West Bengal government observed Save Water Day across the state to spread the message of water conservation. This is the 1st time the day was observed. From now onwards it will be observed in state each year to create awareness among people to check misuse of water.
About ‘Save Water Day
On occasion of day West Bengal’s Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee and eminent persons of different fields including writers, actors and directors of Bengali film and theatre industry and sports personalities, school students took part in Padayatra in Kolkata.
It was also observed in Districts and Blocks of State.
Padayatra: was undertaken in Kolkata which began from Jorashanko Thakurbari and ended at base of Gandhi Statue in city. All present took pledge for conservation of water was also taken on occasion.
On occasion of day Chief Minister urged prople to-
- Save water and save life.
- Come forward for joining such social programme
- Take precautionary measures to save natural resource as water scarcity has become a major issue in world.
Steps Taken for Water Conservation in State
Since 2011, programme of digging ponds is being undertaken throughout state for conservation of water. About 3 lakhs ponds have been dug till now to deal with water scarcity.
State has water conservation programme: Jal dharo Jal bharo (Collect water, store water). To prevent floods and provide water during the period of scarcity, many check dams have been constructed and irrigation canals have been rejuvenated.
From now on state government would observe a Student Day to disseminate message of conservoing water in every sphere of society.