Water Conservation Current Affairs

Government launches Jal Bachao, Video Banao, Puruskar Pao Contest on Water Conservation

Union Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation has launched fortnightly video contest “Jal Bachao, Video Banao, Puruskar Pao”. The contest aims to engage with people of the country on the important issues of water conservation and water management. For running this contest, Ministry has joined hands with MyGov portal (www.mygov.in). The contest will last till 4th November 2018 and three winners will be chosen every fortnight.

Jal Bachao, Video Banao, Puruskar Pao

In this contest, participants can make and upload videos by capturing efforts, significant contributions, best practices in the field of water conservation, water resource development and management and optimum water utilization in different parts of the country. They can also submit any innovative advertisement or commercial on water Conservation.

It should be uploaded on YouTube and share publicly accessible link of it on video link section of MyGov contest page. The duration of video should be minimum 2 minutes and up to 10 minutes. It should be either in Hindi, English or any other regional language. It must not violate any provision of Copyright Act, 1957 or Intellectual Property Rights of any third party.

The participants will be judged on basis of elements of creativity, originality, composition, technical excellence, artistic merit, quality of video, content and visual impact. The prize amount for first, second and third positions is Rs 25,000, Rs 15,000 and Rs 10,000 respectively.

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Alternative cereals can save water: Study

According to recent study, if Indian farmers make big switch from growing rice and wheat to alternative cereals such as maize, sorghum and millet, it could reduce demand for irrigation water by 33%. This could also improve nutritional availability to consumers.

Methodology of study

The study was conducted by researchers from US based Earth Institute, Columbia University and Indian School of Business, Hyderabad. For their analysis, they had considered water as well as cereal-production data from 1996-2009 (period when cereal production grew by 230%). They had used proxy — Crop Water Requirement (CWR), which is product of water required by crop and harvested area to calculate water consumption in every district in this period, as actual water consumption data was not available.

Key Findings of Study

The combined production of alternative cereals was larger than that of wheat in the 1960s, but their relative contribution to cereal supply has steadily dwindled. These alternative cereals also disproportionately account for supply of protein, iron, and zinc among kharif crops.

The rice is the least water-efficient cereal when it came to producing nutrients, and was the main driver in increasing irrigation stresses. Replacing rice with alternative cereal production with maize, finger millet, pearl millet, or sorghum could save irrigation and improve production of nutrients such as iron by 27% and zinc by 13%. It can help distribute nutrient production across the country and reduce impact of single local climate shock to national grain production.

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