Water Pollution Current Affairs - 2020

Railway Stations to be classified on Waste Water Output

The CPCB (Central Pollution Control Board) is to classify railway stations based on the quantity of waste water generated by them and also based on the disposal of untreated water that are drained into the municipal drain systems.

Highlights

The Railway Stations that are generating waste water equal to or more than 100 kilo litres per day are to be classified as red stations. The stations that are generating waste water greater than 10 kilo litres per day are to be classified under the category of orange. The stations that are generating less than 10 kilo litres of waste water per day are to be put in the category of Green.

Legislation

The categorization has been done under the provisions of Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974. The main objectives of the act are to control, prevent and abate water pollution. It assesses pollution level and punishes polluters.

The act also provides provisions to constitute central and state boards to prevent water pollution, discharge sewage or trade effluents.

GoI approves Rs 445 crores for Chhattisgarh under Jal Jeevan Mission

On May 29, 2020, the Union Government approved Rs 445 crores under Jal Jeevan Mission for Chhattisgarh for the year 2020-21.

Highlights

The Funds will be used to help Chhattisgarh achieve its mission of providing tap water connection to all the households in the state by 2023-24. There are 45 households in the state. OF these, 20 lakh households have been provided with tap water connection under the mission.

Challenges of Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh has been battling with ground water depletion and contamination due to chemicals such as fluoride, arsenic, iron, etc. The state government is to use the migrant work force that have returned home to implement the scheme. This is to be done under MGNREGA.

Jal Jeevan Mission

The Mission aims to provide good quality drinking water to all the households in the country by 2024. In order to achieve this, the Government of India has allocated Rs 3.6 lakh crores.