Water resources Current Affairs - 2020

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4th India Water Impact Summit held in Delhi

The Union Minister of Jal Shakti inaugurated the fourth water impact summit in New Delhi. In 2019, the summit is to focus on integrated management of water resources in rural and urban areas. At the summit, the experts from various fields discuss the biggest problems associated with water.

Theme: Financing of High Impact projects in the water sector

Highlights

The summit will hold second Water Finance Forum that focusses on bringing global financial investors and institutions together. The event will also focus on water impact in smart cities and delivering on Jal Jeewan Mission. During the event, report on river restoration and conservation was released by the Ministry of Jal Shakti.

Significance

It is important to observe and study usage of water and its impact. This is because India holds only about 4% of global fresh water but is home to 18% of world population. By 2030, urban India will have 600 million people strength. This will increase the stress on water bodies and rivers tremendously.

Government Measures

In order to control the impact of human activities on water and to reduce water scarcity, the Government of India has launched several initiatives. It includes Environment Flow and Urban River Management Plan, Ganga River Basin Management Plan, Jal Jeevan Mission, National Mission for Clean Ganga, etc.

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Gujarat tops in Composite Water Management Index 2019

Gujarat topped in 2017-18 in the Composite Water Management Index (CWMI 2.0) report  released by NITI Aayog. CWMI 2.0 ranked 25 States and 2 UTs for the reference year 2017-18 as against base year 2016-17. On an average, 80% of states assessed on CWMI 2.0 over e last three years have improved their water management scores, with average improvement of +5.2 points.

About Composite Water Management Index (CWMI)

It was launched by NITI Aayog in 2018 as an important tool to assess and improve the performance of States/ UTs in efficient management of water resources. It seeks to instill sense of cooperative and competitive federalism among the states. It is first ever attempt at of creating pan-India set of metrics that measured different dimensions of water management and use across the lifecycle of water.

It ranks states/UTs based on water data collection exercise conducted by NITI Aayog in partnership with Union Ministry of Jal Shakti, Union Ministry of Rural Development and all States/UTs.

Ranking of states/UTs is based on key 9 themes which are further subdivided into 28 indicators. The nine themes are-

(i) Source augmentation and restoration of waterbodies (weightage:5%)

(ii) Groudwater augmentation (15%)

(iii) Major and medium irragation-supply side management (15%)

(iv) Watershed development-Supply side management (10%)

(v) Participatory Irrigation practices- Demand Side Management (10%).

(vi) Sustaiable on-farm water use practices- Demand side management (10%).

(vii) Rural drinking water (10%).

(viii) Urban water supply and sanitation (10%) and Policy and Goverance (15%).

CWMI 2.0 Rankings

Gujarat was ranked first in the reference year (2017-18), followed by Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Goa, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

In North Eastern and Himalayan States: Himachal Pradesh was adjudged number 1 in 2017-18 followed by Uttarakhand, Tripura and Assam.

Union Territories: They have for first time submitted their data. Puducherry was declared as the top ranker.

Incremental change in index (over 2016-17 level): Haryana holds number one position in general States and Uttarakhand ranks at first position amongst North Eastern and Himalayan States.

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