Weather Forecasting Current Affairs - 2020

National Super Computing Mission: Three More Super Computers to be installed

The National Super Computer Mission was launched by the GoI in 2015. Today India has 5 Super Computers that are ranked within top 500 list of Super Computers in the World

Top 5 Super Computers in India

The Super Computer (Pratyush) at Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology India is ranked 39th, National Centre for Medium Weather Forecasting has been ranked 66th, etc. The first rank Super Computer is located in Ridge National Laboratory, US called Summit.

Highlights

The mission is jointly operated by Ministry of Electronics and IT, C-DAC, Ministry of Science and Technology and IISc, Bengaluru. So far under the mission, “Param Shivay” was installed in IIT Bhuvaneshwar, Param Brahma and Param Shakti installed in IISER, Pune and IIT-Kharagpur.

2020-21 Targets

This year is highly important for the mission. This is because, 11 new systems are to be installed in NITs, IITs and IISERs by December 2020. Three more Super Computers are to be installed at IIT-Kanpur, IIT-Hyderabad and JN Centre for Advanced Scientific Research by April 2020.

Indian National Centre for Ocean Information launched new Alert System

The Hyderabad based INCOIS (Indian National Centre for Ocean Information) launched a new alert system that will help reduce damage and losses to fishermen due to swell surges. The Swell Surges splash strong waves in the coast damaging boats and nets. The system will help fishermen to get prior alerts about swell surges and safeguard their boats.

Highlights

The INCOIS, an autonomous body operating under Ministry of Earth Sciences launched the alert system that will help provide early warnings about Swell Surges. This is to be launched exclusively for coastal population. The Coastlines of Indian Sub-continent after Tsunami has been experiences damages due to swell waves that originate in distant Southern Indian Ocean.

The Swell Surges are more common in west coast than the east coast.

What are Swell Surges?

A Swell Surge is caused due to surface gravity. They are surface gravity waves and not wind waves (the common waves). Wind Waves are generated by the local winds. On the other hand, swell surges are generated due to distant weather systems.

They take place without any noticeable changes in local winds or coastal environment.