West Bengal Current Affairs - 2019
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Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved to expand the scope of mandatory packaging norms under Jute Packaging Material (JPM) Act, 1987. It has approved that 100% of the food grains and 20% of sugar shall be mandatorily packed in diversified jute bags. Initially 10% of indents of jute bags for packing foodgrains will be placed through reverse auction on GEM portal. This will gradually help to usher in a regime of price discovery.
Impact of this decision
It will give a fillip to development of jute sector and impetus to the diversification of the jute industry. It will increase quality and productivity of raw jute and also boost and sustaining demand for jute product. It will benefit farmers and workers located in Eastern and North Eastern regions of country particularly in the states of West Bengal, Bihar, Odisha, Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Meghalaya and Tripura.
Jute is one of the important natural fibers after cotton in terms of cultivation and usage. Its cultivation is dependent on climate, season, and soil. Almost 85% of world’s jute cultivation is concentrated in the Ganges Delta. India is largest producer or cultivator of jute in the world (around 60%) followed by Bangladesh and China. Top jute producing states are West Bengal, Bihar, Assam and Odisha.
This sector in India is predominantly dependent on Government which purchases jute products more than Rs. 6,500 crore every year. Government has been making concerted efforts for the development of jute sector considering that nearly 3.7 lakh workers and approximately 40 lakh farmers are dependent for their livelihood on jute sectors.
Government is also making concerted efforts for development of jute sector. It is increasing quality and productivity of raw jute, diversification of jute sector and also boosting and sustaining demand for jute product. The intensive Government support is to sustain core demand for jute sector and to support livelihood of workers and farmers dependent on sector.
Tags: CCEA • Economy • Economy of Bangladesh • Economy of West Bengal • Jute • Jute Corporation of India • Jute Industry • Jute Packaging • Jute Packaging Material (JPM) Act • Jute Sector • Jute trade • National • Pakistan Jute Mills Association • Textile Industry • West Bengal
West Bengal Assembly unanimously passed West Bengal Land Reforms (Amendment) Bill, 2018 to give land rights to enclave dwellers in north Bengal. The bill will end era of uncertain future for the people residing in those enclaves as it will help them to get full-fledged status as citizens of India, along with all civic amenities and rights. It will also help in distribution of land rights documents people of enclaves in border district of Cooch Behar. The process will result in creation of 13 ‘mouzas’ (administrative district), while rest of area will be amalgamated with existing 31 ‘mouzas’. Plot-to-plot verification has been undertaken to ascertain the ownership status of the land to the dwellers.
Bangladesh and India had exchanged total of 162 enclaves in August 2015 as per historic 1974 Land Boundary Agreement (LBA), ending one of the world’s most-complex border disputes that had lingered for seven decades since Independence. In Cooch Behar, 111 Indian enclaves, spread across 17,160 acres, became part of Bangladesh territory and 51 Bangladesh enclaves, comprising 7,110 acres, joined India. The enclave residents were allowed to either reside at their present location or move to the other country. Around 37,334 people residing in enclaves in Indian side refused to go to Bangladesh, whereas 922 enclave dwellers from Bangladesh side preferred to be in India.